(Pharyngitis; Tonsillopharyngitis; Throat Infection)
by Jennifer Lewy, MSW
A sore throat is the general name for two common conditions:
Many things can cause a sore throat, such as:
Risk Factors TOP
Sore throats are more common in certain people. However, anyone can get a sore throat. Risk factors that may increase your chance of getting a sore throat include:
Along with the sore throat, you may have other symptoms, such as:
When Should I Call My Doctor?
Call your doctor if you:
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests calling your child's doctor if your child has a sore throat that continues through the day (no matter what other symptoms are present).
If you think you have an emergency, get medical care right away.
Your doctor will do a physical exam. This involves looking closely at your mouth, throat, nose, ears, and the lymph nodes in your neck.
Treatment depends on the cause of the sore throat. Options include:
Here are ways to reduce your chance of getting a sore throat:
American Academy of Pediatrics
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
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Last reviewed September 2012 by Brian Randall, MD
Last Updated: 9/30/2012