Gastritis is an inflammation of the stomach lining. Gastritis can be defined as one of the following:
Gastritis can wear away at the lining of the stomach. It may also cause ulcers and bleeding.
Causes of acute gastritis include any of the following:
Causes of chronic gastritis include any of the following:
Factors that may increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Gastritis may cause:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
Upper GI Endoscopy
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Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medicines may help to relieve symptoms. Some can also help to heal the stomach lining. Medicine can be available over the counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing medicine that is causing problems. Your doctor can find an alternative if needed.
To help reduce the chances of gastritis from NSAIDs:
To help reduce the chances of H. pylori infection:
If you smoke, look for ways to quit. Your doctor may recommend some tools to help you.
Avoid alcohol. If you do drink, drink in moderation. Moderation is 1 drink or less a day for women and 2 drinks a day or less for men.
American College of Gastroenterology
American Gastroenterological Association
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115779/Acute-gastritis . Updated June 5, 2017. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T170655/Chronic-gastritis . Updated August 28, 2014. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/gastritis. Updated July 2015. Accessed April 4, 2018.
Last reviewed March 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Daus Mahnke, MD
Last Updated: 7/19/2018