by Jen Rymaruk
A hysteroscopy is a procedure to view the inside of a uterus. It uses a long thin scope with a camera on the end. Tools may also be passed with the scope to take samples or do treatment.
Female Reproductive Organs
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Hysteroscopy is done for:
The result will depend on the reason for the procedure. Further surgery or other treatment may be needed.
Complications are rare. But, no procedure is completely free of risk. Your doctor will review a list of possible complications. These may include:
Factors that may increase your risk of complications include:
You will be asked about your past health, medicine, and allergies. A physical exam and blood tests may be done.
Leading up to the procedure:
Depending on the reason for the hysteroscopy, your doctor may use one fo the following:
A tool will be placed in the vagina. It will hold your vagina open and allow tools to enter easily. The doctor will clean the vagina and open the cervix. The scope will be passed through the vagina and into the uterus. The uterus will be filled with a gas or liquid. This will let the doctor get a closer, clear look at the uterus.
Other tools may be passed into the uterus. Abnormal tissue will be removed or repairs will be made. If a biopsy is needed, a sample of tissue will be removed. The wall may also be scraped to get cell samples. All samples will be examined in a lab.
About 15-45 minutes
You will have mild cramping and soreness. Medicine can help with discomfort.
The care team will watch for any complications. Once you feel better you will be able to go home.
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as:
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Office on Women's Health
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynaecologists of Canada
Women's Health Matters
Centini G1, Troia L, Lazzeri L, Petraglia F, Luisi S. Modern operative hysteroscopy. Minerva Ginecol. 2016 Apr;68(2):126-32.
Hysteroscopy. American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologist website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Hysteroscopy. Updated October 2018. Updated January 7, 2019.
Hysteroscopy. NHS website. Available at: https://www.nhs.uk/conditions/hysteroscopy/. Updated May 2018. Updated January 7, 2019.
Last reviewed September 2018 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG
Last Updated: 1/7/2019