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by Vonne Sieve, MA
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) is a common viral infection that can have an effect on the entire body.
A type of herpes virus causes CMV. It’s passes from person to person through bodily fluids. Examples include:
Risk Factors TOP
CMV is very common in the US. Everyone carries a risk of getting it. Your risk is higher if:
The virus does not cause symptoms when it’s inactive. Stress, medicines, illness, or suppressed immunity can reactivate the virus.
Common symptoms involve:
People with suppressed immune systems may also have:
Your doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. Your doctor may suspect CMV based on your symptoms. Blood tests can look for signs of infection if needed. Severe infections involving organs may require a biopsy.
CMV usually goes away on its own. There are no medicines to treat CMV. The goal of care is to ease symptoms while the virus is active.
Antiviral medicines treat serious infections, shorten illness duration, and ease symptoms in people with suppressed immune systems.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
IDSA—Infectious Diseases Society of America
Public Health Agency of Canada
Cytomegalovirus. Family Doctor—American Association of Family Physicians website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated July 2013. Accessed May 14, 2018.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) and congenital CMV infection. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/cmv/index.html. Updated June 5, 2017. Accessed May 14, 2018.
Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection in immunocompetent patients. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated May 10, 2018. Accessed May 14, 2018.
Last reviewed May 2018 by David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Last Updated: 5/14/2018
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