CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368

Search Health Library

Aspergillosis

Pronounced: ASS-per-jill-OH-sis

Definition

Aspergillosis is an infection caused by a specific fungus that is is found all over the world. It can result in severe lung problems.

Causes    TOP

Inhaling fungus spores causes aspergillosis when the immune system is not working properly.

Inhalation of Spores

Spores in lungs
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Risk Factors    TOP

Factors that may increase your chances of aspergillosis:

Asthma in Lungs

Asthma lung
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Symptoms    TOP

Symptoms may include:

  • Chronic, productive cough
  • Coughing up blood
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Wheezing
  • Chest pain

Diagnosis    TOP

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You may be referred to a specialist in lung or infectious diseases.

Your bodily fluids may be tested. This can be done with:

  • Blood samples
  • Urine samples
  • Sputum samples

Your bodily structures may be viewed. This can be done with:

Treatment    TOP

Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include:

  • Medications to treat the fungal infection such as IV amphotericin B, voriconazole, or itraconazole
  • Surgery—part of the lung may need to be removed if it contains a large mass of fungus

Prevention    TOP

The fungus that causes this condition is everywhere. High concentrations may be found in soil or compost. Mildew in bathrooms or other moist places may also contain this fungus. If you are at risk for getting an aspergillus infection, try to avoid close contact with soil or compost and take steps to keep your home mildew-free.

Antifungal medications may be given to certain patients at very high risk for infection.

RESOURCES:

American Lung Association
http://www.lung.org
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
https://www.cdc.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

The Lung Association
https://www.lung.ca

References:

Invasive aspergillosis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.... Updated September 20, 2016. Accessed December 11, 2017.
Sherif R, Segal BH. Pulmonary aspergillosis: clinical presentation, diagnostic tests, management and complications. Curr Opin Pulm Med. 2010;16(3):242-250.
Last reviewed December 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David L. Horn, MD, FACP
Last Updated: 12/20/2014

EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at healthlibrarysupport@ebsco.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.

Health Library: Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Support
36000 Darnall Loop Fort Hood, Texas 76544-4752 | Phone: (254) 288-8000