Chikungunya is caused by a virus.
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The greatest risk factors for chikungunya are spending time in areas where chikungunya outbreaks have occurred such as:
In 2014, chikungunya was reported among US travelers returning from affected areas. Local transmission of chikungunya occurred in Florida, Puerto Rico, and the US Virgin Islands.
Symptoms begin 3-7 days after infection and may include:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You will be asked whether you have recently travelled to areas where chikungunya outbreaks have occurred.
Your bodily fluids may be tested for the presence of the virus or antibodies. Antibodies are created by your body in response to an infection. The virus and antibodies can be found with blood tests. Other blood tests may be done to look for complications.
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include:
Antibiotics are not needed because the chikungunya is caused by a virus, not bacteria. The goal is to ease the symptoms so that you feel more comfortable while the immune system fights the virus.
Rest and medication will help manage symptoms until the virus has passed. Also, drink plenty of liquids to help keep nasal fluid thin and easy to clear.
Hospitalization may be required in severe cases to help manage symptoms.
To help reduce your chances of a chikungunya infection:
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
World Health Organization
International Center for Infectious Diseases
Chikungunya. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/chikungunya/pdfs/CHIKV_FACTSHEET_CDC_Generalpublic(09-17-2014).pdf. Updated September 17, 2014. Accessed December 6, 2017.
Chikungunya. World Health Organization website. Available at: http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs327/en. Updated April 2017. Accessed December 6, 2017.
Chikungunya fever. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T161709/Chikungunya-fever. Updated October 2, 2017. Accessed December 6, 2017.
Chikungunya fever (CHIK). Florida Health website. Available at: http://www.floridahealth.gov/diseases-and-conditions/chikungunya/index.html. Accessed December 6, 2017.
Last reviewed December 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board David L. Horn, MD, FACP Last Updated: 11/11/2015