A tonsillectomy is the surgical removal of the tonsils. Tonsils are nodes found in the back of the throat.
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Tonsils are part of the immune system. They trap germs that come in through your mouth and nose to prevent infection in the throat or lungs. Sometimes this can cause problems such as:
Removing the tonsils may decrease the number of throat infections without affecting overall immune system.
Some tonsils can become enlarged and cause an obstruction in the throat. The obstruction can lead to complications such as sleep apnea.
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems, like:
Factors such as weight or chronic disease may increase your child’s risk of complications. Teens who engage in tobacco, alcohol, and/or drug use may also increase their risk of complications.
Your child’s doctor may do the following before the tonsillectomy:
Talk to your child’s doctor about all medications your child uses. Your child may need to stop taking some medications prior to the procedure.
General anesthesia will be used. Your child will be asleep during the procedure.
The procedure is done through the mouth. Once your child is asleep, the doctor will grasp each tonsil with a special tool. The tonsils will then be cut away from the surrounding tissues and removed. The tonsils may be cut out with a scalpel, hot knife, or laser. A hot knife or laser will help seal the incision as the cut is made. An electrical current or clamps and ties will be used to stop bleeding at the site.
About 20-45 minutes
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Pain and discomfort after the procedure can be managed with medications and soft foods.
In most cases, your child can go home the same day. Other times, an overnight stay may be necessary to make sure your child is recovering as expected.
Right after the procedure, your child will be in a recovery room where their blood pressure, pulse, and breathing will be monitored. Recovery may also include pain or anti-nausea medications.
During your child’s stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce their chance of infection such as:
There are also steps you can take to reduce your child’s chances of infection such as:
Home care will focus on controlling pain and nausea with medications and soft foods and soothing or cold fluids. It may take a couple days before return to normal activities. Throat, ear, or jaw pain may last for up to a week.
Call your child's doctor if any of these occur:
Call for emergency medical services right away if your child is bleeding excessively or has difficulty breathing.
If you think your child has an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Pediatric Surgical Association
The Society of Thoracic Surgeons
Caring for Kids—Canadian Paediatric Society
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Tonsillectomy. Cincinnati Children’s website. Available at: https://www.cincinnatichildrens.org/health/t/tonsillectomy. Updated January 2017. Accessed December 20, 2017.
Tonsillectomy. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114262/Tonsillectomy. Updated January 27, 2017. Accessed December 20, 2017.
Tonsils and tonsillectomies. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at: http://kidshealth.org/en/parents/tonsil.html. Updated May 2013. Accessed December 20, 2017.
Last reviewed December 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Woods, MD, FAAP