Omphalocele is a birth defect. It is a gap in the muscles and skin where the belly button should be. Abdominal tissue and organs push through the gap to the outside of the body. They are contained in a sac.
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The cause is not known. It may be due to a mix of genes and the environment.
Omphalocele happens more in boys.
If you are pregnant, the following factors may increase your risk of having a child with this:
Being overweight or obese before pregnancy also raises the risk.
An omphalocele will be seen around the belly button.
Omphalocele may be suspected during a fetal ultrasound. After birth, an omphalocele can be found by viewing it.
Talk with the doctor about the best plan for your baby. Your baby may need:
Organs can sometimes be harmed. There may also be some problems with digestion. Your baby may need extra care, such as:
The goal of surgery is to put the tissue back in place and close the wall. The type of surgery will depend on the degree of the omphalocele.
Large defects may need many surgeries over a longer period of time.
If you are pregnant, you can lower your chance of your baby having an omphalocele if you:
If you are pregnant, talk to your doctor about replacing or stopping certain medicines that may raise your risk.
Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
March of Dimes
March of Dimes Canada
Public Health Agency of Canada
Facts about omphalocele. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/ncbddd/birthdefects/Omphalocele.html. Updated November 17, 2015. Accessed July 2, 2018.
Omphalocele. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116208/Omphalocele. Updated June 7, 2017. Accessed July 2, 2018.
Omphalocele. PEMSoft at EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Accessed July 2, 2018.
Last reviewed June 2018 by Kari Kassir, MD Last Updated: 7/2/2018