CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368

Search Health Library

Osteosarcoma—Child

(Osteogenic Sarcoma—Child; Sarcoma, Osteogenic—Child)

Definition

Osteosarcoma is a common form of bone cancer. It can spread to other parts of the body.

Causes    TOP

The cause is not known. It may be due to changes in genes.

Risk Factors    TOP

It is more common in boys 10-19 years old.

Here are some factors that may raise your risk:

  • Genetic problems, such as retinoblastoma and Li-Fraumeni syndrome
  • Past radiation therapy

Symptoms    TOP

Symptoms are usually in the upper and lower long bones and pelvis. They are:

  • Bone pain that may worsen with activity
  • Swelling
  • A large lump

Diagnosis    TOP

You will be asked about your child’s symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done.

Pictures may be taken of your child's body. This can be done with:

Abiopsyof the site can confirm the diagnosis.

Treatment    TOP

When cancer is found, your child will be referred to a team that focuses on cancer in children. The doctor will do staging tests to find out if the cancer has spread. Treatment depends on the stage and site of the cancer. Talk with the doctor and healthcare team about the best plan for your child.

Your child may have:

Surgery

Surgery removes the tumor, nearby tissues, and nearby lymph nodes. The limb may need to be amputated. The doctor will try to remove the cancer without amputation. Sometimes, treatment with chemotherapy can help avoid it.

Chemotherapy

Chemotherapyis the use of drugs to kill cancer cells. The drugs enter the bloodstream and travel through the body killing mostly cancer cells.

Radiation    TOP

With this therapy, radiation is aimed at the tumor to kill the cancer cells.

Radiation of Tumor

Radiation of Tumor
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Prevention    TOP

There are no current methods to prevent osteosarcoma.

RESOURCES:

American Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.org
National Cancer Institute
http://www.cancer.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

References:

Childhood cancer: osteosarcoma. Kids Health—Nemours Foundation website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated September 2014. Accessed September 6, 2016.
Ewing sarcoma. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T114929/Ewing-sarcoma. Updated October 29, 2014. Accessed September 29, 2016.
Osteosarcoma in children. Boston Children's Hospital website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed September 6, 2016.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Mohei Abouzied, MD
Last Updated: 5/23/2018

EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at healthlibrarysupport@ebsco.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.

Health Library: Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Support
36000 Darnall Loop Fort Hood, Texas 76544-4752 | Phone: (254) 288-8000