Researchers wanted to look for links between diet and cancer in a large pool of people. The study, published in JNCI Cancer Spectrum, estimated that 80,110 new cancer cases (5.2%) in the United States in 2015 were associated with poor diet.
Researchers wanted to see if antiretroviral medicine could reduce the risk of passing HIV to a sexual partner. A study published in Lancet, found that the risk of passing on the HIV virus is completely eliminated by effective treatment of the HIV-infected partner with antiretroviral therapy.
In the last few years, some studies have suggested that foods high in cholesterol do not increase blood cholesterol in everyone. This study, published in JAMA, found that a higher intake of dietary cholesterol or eggs was linked to an increased risk of heart disease and early death.
Researchers wanted to look at the link between post-menopausal women who drink artificially sweetened beverages (ASB) and stroke, coronary artery disease, and all-cause mortality. The study, published in Stroke, found that a higher intake of ASB was linked to an increased risk of all three.
E-cigarettes have become quickly popular and some are trying it as a tool to help them quit smoking. A trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine, found that they may be more helpful than other quitting tools but there is a catch....
A combination of treatments may be helpful in decreasing stress, anxiety, and depression of dementia. A review published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews found that music therapy may be helpful.
ADHD diagnosis is made in part but observation of how a child acts in school environment with other children. A study published in The New England Journal of Medicine found that a child's age in kindergarten may play a role in the chance of ADHD diagnosis.
Sedentary lifestyle is a known risk factor for a number of preventable diseases like heart disease or stroke. However, a trial published in JAMA, found that a lack of exercise can be as bad for your health as smoking....
Digital media is a common teen factor and has changed how they access information and socialize. A study, published in JAMA, found that high digital media usage may also exacerbate ADHD symptoms even in those without ADHD.
Depression is treated using medicine, counseling, and therapy, such as exercise. This study, published in JAMA Psychiatry, found that resistance training reduced depressive symptoms among adults.
There are many factors related to a teen's environment that may raise the risk of self-harm and suicidal behavior, such as lack of a support system, poor coping skills, or a traumatic life event. The study, published in The Journal of Pediatrics, indicates that internet addiction is prospectively associated with the incidence of self-harm and suicidal behavior in adolescents.
Dysmenorrhea is painful lower abdominal cramps that happen with menstruation. This study found that physical activity may be an effective treatment for dysmenorrhea, but that there is a need for more high-quality trials before this can be confirmed.
It is becoming more common for adults to engage in sedentary activities in Western societies. This study found that both the total volume of sedentary time and time for each session are associated with all-cause mortality, suggesting that physical activity guidelines should target reducing and interrupting sedentary time to reduce the risk of death.
The long-chain omega-3 fatty acids found in fish have been thought to reduce the risk of Alzheimer disease by destroying proteins that can damage memory and thinking. This study found that consuming more than 4 servings of fish per week was associated with slower decline in episodic memory in older adults.
People with fibromyalgia have difficulty sleeping and experience fatigue and weakness. This study found that aerobic exercise may reduce pain and improve physical function in people with fibromyalgia.
People with Tourette syndrome have motor and vocal tics, which are rapid, involuntary movements or sounds that occur repeatedly. Researchers found that acupuncture alone or in combination with drug therapy may reduce tic severity compared to drug therapy alone in patients with TS.
Many parents avoid exposing high-risk babies to eggs and other common food allergens for fear that early exposure may increase the chance of developing allergies. This study found that early oral raw egg exposure may not reduce the risk of egg allergy in infants without allergy symptoms or eczema.
When taken regularly, inhaled corticosteroids can prevent asthma symptoms and attacks; however, some people forget to take their medication as prescribed, don't understand why it is important, or don't like the side effects. This study found that a variety of interventions, including electronic trackers, can improve adherence.
Women who have breast cancer may undergo a variety of treatments, including surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, and other medications, depending on the stage and type of cancer. This study found that non-pharmacologic interventions, including expressive writing, may have an effect on a middle-aged woman with breast cancer.
Fruit juice is a common beverage for children, but it contains a lot of calories. This study found that consumption of 100% fruit juice is associated with a small amount of weight gain in children ages 1 to 6 years that is not clinically significant and is not associated with weight gain in children 7 to 18 years.
Researchers wanted to evaluate the use of dust mite-impermeable bedding and its impact on severe asthma exacerbations in children. The study found that the bedding may be effective in reducing the number of hospitalizations and/or emergency room visits of mite-sensitized children with asthma.
Swaddling is a practice used to wrap infants in cloth to mimic the mother's womb and promote calm and sleep. One study found that the risk of SIDS from swaddling was higher in infants in front or side sleep positions.
Sucking on a pacifier, known as non-nutritive sucking, has been thought to encourage sucking behavior and improve digestion. Researchers wanted to assess the effects of non-nutritive sucking on physiologic stability and nutrition in preterm infants. The study, published in the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, found that non-nutritive sucking reduces the time infants need to transition from tube to oral feeding.
Researchers wanted to evaluate the efficacy and safety of capsaicin in diabetic peripheral neuropathy. Capsaicin is a chili pepper extract that produces a burning sensation when applied to the skin. It affects the nerves and reduces the activity of pain receptors. The study, published in the Journal of Pain, found that capsaicin treatment provides modest improvements in pain and sleep quality.
Pertussis, also known as whooping cough, is a highly contagious bacterial infection that is especially dangerous to infants until they receive a 3-vaccine series called DTaP. One study, published in Pediatrics, found that maternal Tdap vaccination during pregnancy is highly protective against infant pertussis, especially in the first 2 months of life.
Procedures can be painful to infants, but giving an infant pain medication can pose its own problems. One study found that skin-to-skin contact appears to reduce procedural pain in infants.
A food allergy occurs when the body has an abnormal immune reaction to a food, such as peanuts, milk, eggs, and fish. One trial found that the early introduction of allergenic foods at 3 months in average-risk, breastfed infants is associated with lower rates of food allergy at 3 years compared to introduction at 6 months.
Children with conduct disorder have difficulty following rules and behaving in a socially acceptable manner. A recent study found that Internet-assisted parent training may improve behavior in preschool children with disruptive behavioral problems.
Cancer symptoms and treatment side effects can cause both physical pain as well as anxiety and depression. A recent study found that music interventions may have beneficial effects on anxiety, pain, fatigue, and depression in patients with cancer.
Adults who are obese are at an increased risk of heart disease and stroke, diabetes, high blood pressure, certain types of cancer, and other complications. Activity trackers can help you monitor and track fitness-related data, but they may not lead to weight loss in those under 35.
Schizophrenia is a mental health disorder that interferes with the way a person interprets reality. Non-pharmaceutical therapies are being tried to further reduce symptoms.
Alzheimer dementia is a condition that progressively affects the ability to learn, function, and remember. Some lifestyle changes have been shown to help manage certain symptoms.
Many factors affect asthma management, including taking medications, avoiding environmental triggers, and staying physically fit. Researchers found that yoga was associated with improvements in quality of life and reduced symptoms in people with asthma.
Cancer-related fatigue can last for an extended period of time and can make it difficult to complete daily tasks and affect quality of life. Alternative treatments are gaining notice. This study showed that acupressure reduced persistent fatigue.
Previous studies have strongly suggested that eating whole grains is an effective way to lower the risk of many chronic diseases, but the amount of whole grains is not always clear. This study found that 3-7 servings of whole grain everyday was associated with a reduced risk of a number of chronic diseases.
High BMI is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease in adults but researchers wanted to see how early this affect started. The study found that high BMI in adolescents may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease later in life but it is too early to make a firm link.
Low back pain is a common complaint that can last a few days or weeks or become a chronic condition with significant impact on well being. Treatments can vary depending on the cause. A recent study found that exercise alone or in combination with education was most effective for preventing low back pain.
Seasonal allergic rhinitis results in uncomfortable symptoms, such as sneezing, itchy and watery eyes, and sinus pressure and congestion. The best treatment approach is avoiding allergen exposure but it can be difficult with certain allergens. A recent study showed that nasal filters were effective for managing seasonal allergic rhinitis.
Earlier research has suggested that long working hours may be linked to stroke, but the evidence is limited. This study found that employees who work long hours have a higher risk of stroke than those who do not.
Ginger is one alternative approach that is often used by pregnant women to try to relieve nausea and vomiting related to pregnancy. This study found that ginger capsules and syrup might improve nausea symptoms in women with pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting.
Improving parent-adolescent sexual communication has been noted as one factor that could help to encourage adolescents to practice safer sex behavior. This study found that sexual communication with parents plays a small protective role in safer sex behavior among adolescents.
Although celiac disease is known to reduce vitamin D and calcium levels in the blood, the link between celiac and bone damage itself is not clear. This study found that celiac disease was associated with an increased risk of bone fractures.
Insomnia can make your days miserable and a cure can be hard to find. There are some medications but there is some worry with side effects and the potential for addiction. Music is side effect free and according to this study may help you find sleep.
Obstructive sleep apnea can not only make you sleepy but also deeply affect the quality of life and overall health. CPAP has been shown to reduce the effects of sleep apnea but benefits for older adults was not clear. These two studies found that CPAP does appear helpful for older adults with sleep apnea.
A randomized trial found that drinking water before main meals led to higher weight loss than those who were asked to imagine a full stomach before main meals. Water preloading is believed to help create a feeling of fullness or satiety during the meal, which may help curb overeating.
A randomized trial found that fecal microbiota transplantation had a higher rate of remission in patients with active ulcerative colitis than those who recieved placebo. Fecal transplantation is believed to help the intestine develop a healthy balance of bacteria in the gut which can help the intestine recover and function more effectively.
A meta-analysis found that mothers participating in a prenatal exercise group were less likely to have a large newborn, less likely to need a cesarean section, and no more likely to have a low birthweight baby than those who did not exercise. The study supports proper prenatal care advice which advocates for mothers to exercise during pregnancy if allowed by the physician.
A randomized trial found that participants in a mindfulness awareness group showed significant improvement in insomnia symptoms, depression symptoms, and fatigue. Although the trial was small, mindfulness meditation has has been linked to both physical and mental health benefits, including stress reduction. More research may support this finding.
A systematic review found that participants given chewing gum after abdominal surgery may have a faster return to normal for their digestive system. Unfortunately, the quality of trials is low and more research will need to be done before this simple solution is confirmed.
Many medical groups felt that early exposure to certain foods like peanuts increased a child's risk of developing food allergies. However, newer research including this trial suggest that early exposure may actually decrease the risk of developing food allergies.
Obesity is associated with a complex combination of factors but the earliest feeding habits may play a role in childhood obesity. A review of studies across several countries found that breastfeeding may decrease the risk of obesity in childhood.
Removing the tonsils is a common procedure in children. It is often recommended for children with recurrent infections of the throat to reduce sick days. A study, completed in the United Kingdom, found that a tonsillectomy was associated with fewer sore throats in children who were selected to have the surgery.
Health and medical shows are some of the most popular talk shows on television. The hosts, highlighted as experts, offer a plethora of information but this study has found that almost half of those recommendations have little research support.
Osteoarthritis can make basic movement more difficult and in older adults this can increase the risk of falls. Balance is a major factor in falls and a complication of osteoarthritis but this trial has shown that strength, tai chi, and aerobic training may effectively improving balance in people with osteoarthritis.
Exercise during pregnancy has been associated with many benefits for mom and baby. This review supports the trend and finds that even one day of purposeful activity per week may reduce the need for cesarean birth.
Newborns who are underweight are at increased risk of complications, such as sudden infant death syndrome (SIDS). This study found that higher maternal caffeine intake during pregnancy may be associated with a higher risk of having a low birth weight infant.
The painful red, itchy, and scaly rash known as eczema is a common condition in children that is often stubborn to manage. Researchers have found that a daily dose of moisturizer may reduce the development of eczema in newborns who are at higher risk.
Autism spectrum disorders is a complex neurodevelopmental disorder that affects 1 in every 68 children. Researchers have found that a phytochemical derived from broccoli sprout extracts may improve behavioral problems associated with autism.
Children and adolescents who are overweight are more likely to be overweight as adults, increasing their risk of health complications. Researchers have found that meals taken together as a family may protect children against becoming overweight or obese young adults.
Television, smart phones, I pads and more offer continual opportunity for entertainment, information, and distraction. This excess screen time in teens has been linked to some health and behavior issues and researchers from California found that screen time may also impact social skills.
Although once villainized, nuts have found popularity as a health food because of their healthy fats, fiber, and protein. This study found that having nuts in your diet may also decrease the risk of common chronic conditions.
There are many power toothbrush options now available but are they worth the investment? This study published in Cochrane Databases found that power toothbrushes may have the edge in cleaning teeth compared to manual toothbrushes.
Shoe inserts are advertised as potentially helping a number of orthopedic issues but the most common and perhaps popular one is low back pain. Unfortunately, a study from Australia found that inserts were not helpful in decreasing low back pain.
You've probably heard how smoking can affect your heart and lungs but your bones too? This randomized trial found that smokers had a greater risk of complications after a fracture than non-smokers.
A stroke can create muscle imbalances and weakness that increase risk of falls and lead to further injury and extended recovery time. Physical conditioning will help improve muscle strength and function which in turn reduces the risk for falls. This trial has found that Tai Chi may be an effective option.
Allergies and asthma are caused by an overreaction of the immune system believed to be caused by both genetic and environmental factors, perhaps factors that we come in contact early in life. This trial found that a greater variety of foods in the first year of life may be associated with lower risk of developing asthma or allergies.
Fruits and vegetables are encouraged as the cornerstone of a healthy diet in countries worldwide because of their rich nutrition values. This study completed in England shows that this nutrition may translate to greater health.
Most know the numerous physical benefits of quitting smoking but are reluctant to quit because they rely on their cigarettes for stress relief and decrease anxiety. However, a study, published in the British Medical Journal, found that those who quit had lower stress and anxiety levels than continued smokers.
Anxiety in children can not only impact their current wellness but also increase their risk of future health problems. Fortunately, therapy can be very effective, in fact, researchers from England found that a parent-led behavioral therapy program was successful at helping children manage anxiety.
If you happen to be a nut lover, you may find yourself with a few extra years to enjoy them! Researchers found that those who had at least 2 servings of nuts per week had lower mortality during a lengthy cohort study than those who did not eat nuts.
Some adolescent girls who have suffered a sexual assault trauma can later develop PTSD, a psychological condition that causes them to relive painful moments. Fortunately therapy has been found to be effective in managing PTSD and this study found that Prolonged exposure therapy may be most beneficial.
Fatigue is a common problem with rheumatoid arthritis second only to joint pain. Medications are often relied on for treatment of RA, but it appears regular physical activity can also help manage fatigue.
There are many factors that can affect young children's behavior and sleep may be one of these important factors. Information from the large Millennium Cohort Study showed that irregular bedtimes may be associated with behavior problems in seven year old children.
Menopause symptoms like hot flashes are mostly nuisance but when they interfere with sleep these symptoms can start to affect your health. Fortunately, a study from the University of Pittsburgh found that regular physical activity may help manage these symptoms and improve sleep quality.
Most who need long term medical care prefer to be in the comforts of their home instead of a medical facility but worry that the care would not be appropriate or be too much of a burden on family. This systematic review found that home-based palliative care may help patients stay at home.
Smoking has been linked to a several chronic diseases but it also appears to increase complications after surgery. Fortunately, this study found that those who quit smoking for 1 year or more were able to reduce their risk of complications compared to current smokers.
Nuts are nutrient dense, heart healthy power foods but many stay away from them because of their fat and calorie content. However, Spanish researchers found that nuts, eaten in moderation, are not associated with weight gain.
Potassium has an important roles in regulating blood pressure but diets high in processed foods and low in fruits and vegetables can't provide enough of the important nutrient. Researchers found that people with hypertension can lower their blood pressure by increasing the amount of potassium in their diets.
Sodium, or salt, has long been linked to blood pressure problems but many diets continue to be high in salt, especially processed foods. A review found that people with lower sodium intake not only had lower blood pressure but also had a decreased risk of stroke.
Heavy alcohol use is strongly associated with liver problems but it seems it could also play a role in cancer survival. Researchers from China found that those who average three or more drinks per day were more likely to die from cancer than those who drank occasionally.
Diets have been blamed as a contributor to heart disease but some diets, like the Mediterranean diet, may help improve your health. In fact, researchers in Spain found that the Mediterranean diet may even decrease the risk of stroke in people heart disease risk factors.
Urinary incontinence is a common problem after childbirth. Pelvic floor muscle training can help relieve incontinence but a study in the United Kingdom found that training during pregnancy may help prevent incontinence from happening at all.
Exercise is a common and beneficial tool for people with osteoarthritis but the best options is not clear. A large review found that strength, aerobic, and pool exercises may provide the most benefits for reducing pain and improving function in people with osteoarthritis.
Eggs are a good source of protein but some are worried the cholesterol in eggs may increase the risk of heart disease or stroke. However, researchers found that eating up to 1 egg per day did not increase these risks.
Daily multivitamins may be chosen by an individual or prescribed by a doctor to boost nutrition but studies on its benefits are unclear. The Physician's Health Study II found that men who took daily multivitamins had a lower risk of cancer compared to those who took placebo.
Asthma management includes a balance of medication and avoiding triggers but it appears diet may also play a role. Researchers in Australia found that adults with asthma that had a high intake of fruits and vegetables had fewer asthma exacerbations.
Eating fish has been linked to a variety of heart benefits but can it protect the blood flow in your brain as well? Researchers in England found that people with higher intake of fish did in fact have a lower risk of stroke.
The flu is a few days of misery for some, but other like pregnant women are more susceptible to more serious complications from the flu. The complications can affect the mom and baby. Researchers in Texas found that a flu vaccine during pregnancy was associated with fewer infant complications.
Brief bursts of stress may help motivate you but constant stress can wear you down and lead to serious health issues. In fact, researchers found that job stress alone was associated with an increased risk of a heart related event.
Certain habits like smoking or heavy alcoholic drinking can cause a variety of health issues including increasing your risk of complications after surgery. This review found that an active drinking cessation program before surgery was able to reduce the number of complications after surgery in patients with heavy drinking.
Stress cannot always be avoided but healthy lifestyle choices including relaxation techniques can help reduce its impact on your health. US researchers found that yoga appears to be an effective tool for reducing stress and anxiety.
Tics from neurological conditions are often mild and will pass by adulthood, but some may interfere with daily activities. Medications are available but can have side effects. US researchers have found that a form of therapy called behavioral therapy may help manage tics without side effects.
Certain risk factors like high blood pressure and high cholesterol increase your risk of heart disease. These conditions are most often associated with adults but researchers have found these risk factors in children, particularly those that are overweight.
Omega 3 supplements have gained in popularity as a convenient way to reduce your risk of heart disease. Unfortunately, researchers from Korea did not find a lower risk of new heart problems in adults with current heart disease taking an omega 3 supplement.
A diet high in fruits and vegetables is encouraged as a way to prevent many types of cancer. Researchers in London conducted a large review that found fruits and vegetables did provide some protection against colorectal cancer but the benefits were small.
Treatment for irritable bowel syndrome focuses on controlling the symptoms. One new area of interest is the benefits of probiotics. A study from Italy found that a certain probiotic, called Bifidobacterium bifidum MIMBb75, may decrease the symptoms of irritable bowel syndrome.
Antioxidants from foods have been linked to many health benefits but it is not clear if antioxidant supplements can provide the same benefits. A review, conducted by the Cochrane Database, found that supplements were not associated with lower death rates, in fact a few were actually associated with increased death rates.
Most leg cramps usually pass on their own but, if they occur at night they can interrupt your sleep and that can affect your overall health. Researchers from the Netherlands found that a simple stretching program before bed was able to reduce leg cramps in older adults.
Early detection of lung cancer may decrease or delay mortality but it is unclear which tools may be best for screening for this cancer. Researchers from the National Lung Screening Research Team found that a low-dose CT scan in long-term smokers may improve survival rates after lung cancer diagnosis.
Postworkout soreness is common after a new or particularly stressful workout but for athlete's it may also decrease training opportunities. A systematic review of previous studies found that ice baths may decrease delayed-onset muscle soreness.
You may be surprised to learn that although most healthy diets recommend against fried foods there is little evidence that actually links fried foods and heart disease. This trial published in Spain found that fried foods included in a diet were not associated with increased risk of heart disease.
Rotavirus vaccine can help prevent the stomach bug with vomiting and diarrhea but early trials showed a potential link between the vaccine and risk of intussusception (folding of intestines) in infants. In a safety study, researchers found that there was no association between this vaccine and risk of intussusception in infants.
Calories from daily sweetened or sugary drinks can quickly add up, leading to a creeping weight gain or frustrated attempts at weight loss. A large randomized trial in the United States found that replacing your sweetened drinks with no-calorie options can in fact assist in weight loss.
While Parkinson is a progressively degenerative condition, certain exercises may help slow early debilitation. Researchers from Oregon found that Tai Chi-based exercise was most effective at improving balance and decreasing falls than strength training or stretching programs.
Researchers from Norway examined whether music therapy, when added to standard care, decreased symptoms of depression or anxiety in depressed patients.
Researchers from the United States investigated whether a weight loss program based on calorie reducing diet, physical activity increase, or a combination of both was most beneficial for postmenopausal women.
The trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, found that the shorter combination therapy was as effective as long-term therapy at preventing development of TB.
The study, published in Cochrane Databases, found that xylitol sugar was in fact associated with decreased risk of ear infection.
Researchers from Germany examined the two different methods of psychological therapy to determine if one had better outcomes for patients with social anxiety. The study, published in Archives of General Psychiatry, found that more patients improved with CBT than with IPT.
Researchers from Finland looked for trends in risk of heart disease in adults who were obese/overweight in childhood. The article published in The New England Journal of Medicine found that adults who were obese in childhood but not in adulthood had similar risk of cardiovascular disease as those who were never obese.
Researchers in England completed a systematic review to determine what benefits chocolate may have for cardiovascular and metabolic health.
The study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, found that prenatal folic acid intake was associated with decreased risk of severe language delay in children aged three years.
This review, published in Cochrane Database, found that there was no connection between weight gain and use of combined hormonal contraceptives.
Analysts from the Cochrane Database assessed outcomes of several studies that reviewed injury prevention in runners.
Analysts from the Cochrane Database examined the benefits of exercise-based rehabilitation compared to usual care (standard medication and physician follow-up).
Researchers examined several past studies to determine benefits and harms of vitamin D supplementation.
Researchers from the United Kingdom examined the rates of smoking among family members of children or adolescent smokers.
Researchers from the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences examined possible links between activity levels and development of Parkinson's disease.
Researchers from Canada examined steps to reduce discomfort for infants including a topical medication lidocaine, a sucrose solution, or sucrose plus lidocaine.
Researchers from the Netherlands investigated whether a mental or physical approach may be best for patients with cancer-related fatigue.
Yale University investigated the influence of family involvement in a weight management program for children. The study found that family-based counseling led to greater decrease in body mass index (BMI) in children.
Researchers from University of Colorado examined the benefits of a high-protein, low-carbohydrate diet compared to a more traditional low-fat diet in severely obese adolescents.
Allergies not only make you miserable during the day but they can hurt your chance of a good night's rest. Researchers from Minnesota tested the effectiveness of a combined approach with pillow encasement and local air filtration.
The Mediterranean diet has been associated with a variety of health benefits such as improving heart health and decreasing risk of certain cancer or diabetes. Researchers from Italy examined the benefits of the Mediterranean diet by the rate of adherence to the diet.
There are many approaches to Chronic Fatigue Syndrome treatment that may include physical, mental, and educational aspects but are any of the approaches superior? Researchers from London found that a program with exercise and mental healthy therapy were associated with improvements in fatigue and function.
Sunscreen is recommended to keep your skin from turning red but can it can also decrease your risk of cancer. Researchers from Australian found that regular use of sunscreen may decrease the risk of melanoma.
Oxidative stress is believed to be one of many different causes of male infertility. Researchers from Cochrane database found that antioxidant supplementation may decrease the effects of this stress and improve pregnancy rates in subfertile men.
Babies that remain in the heads-up position towards the end of pregnancy may result in a breech birth or cesarean section. Fortunately, researchers from Cochrane database found that external cephalic version appears effective in coaxing the baby to the correct position and decreasing the need for cesarean sections.
Vomitting is a common discomfort in pregnancy and many mothers-to-be are anxious to find safe relief. Researchers from Cochrane database found that acupressure or acupuncture were not associated with significant relief.
Although generally not a serious threat to health, infectious related diarrhea can make you miserable. Researchers from Cochrane database found that probiotics, good bacteria, may decrease the number of days and intensity of diarrhea.
Calcium supplements are known for their benefits with bone health but some believe it may also help maternal and infant health when taken during pregnancy. Researchers from Cochrane Database found that calcium during pregnancy decreased risk of death and illness associated with pregnancy.
Physical activity has been associated with a reduced risk in certain types of cancer but the exact amount and intensity of exercise is not clear. Data from the Nurse's Health Study suggest that daily walking may significantly decrease risk of breast cancer in some women.
Oral NSAIDs are a common choice to decrease pain and inflammation but as with any drug there are potential side effects specifically stomach problems or interference with kidney function. Researchers from Cochrane database found that a topical form of NSAIDs was effective in decreasing pain for people with sport injuries without systemic side effects.
Initial reaction to an injured joint is to rest, and if you injure your back this may mean a severe decrease or halt to your activities. However, researchers from the Cochrane database found that getting out of bed and keeping active may help speed your recovery.
PSA is a blood test used to screen for prostate cancer in men, most often recommended for men over age 50. As with any screening test, it is under scrutiny to ensure that the positive aspects of this test outweigh any negative consequences. University of Florida researchers reviewed several past studies and found that PSA screening does not decrease mortality rates in men with prostate cancer.
A balanced diet with plenty of vegetables are often associated with lower risks of many chronic diseases. United Kingdom researchers found that leafy greens in particular may be the key vegetables in decreasing the risk of type 2 diabetes.
Lifestyle changes and challenges, like those due to chroinc illness, may increase the chance of developing depression. Researchers from UK found that people with Type 2 Diabetes have an increased risk of developing depression.
Plantar warts will often go away on their own, but some are a bit more stubborn or can develop in painful areas. Current treatments can cause damage to the area around the wart, but researchers from China have found that local hyperthermia may be an effective tool in getting rid of plantar warts with little damage to surrounding area.
Standard CPR steps include rounds of rescue breathing and chest compressions, but rescue breathing may intimidate some bystanders. Two studies from Seattle and Sweden suggest that CPR using chest compressions only may have survival rates as successful as standard CPR survival rates.
A diet high in meats has often been linked to higher risk of developing certain diseases but some research suggests specific types of meat may have more risk than others. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that regular processed meats may increase risk of both diabetes and heart disease.
Caregivers provide an important link between medical care and homelife, but they may need more assistance than is typically offered. Researchers from Spain found that support sessions and bipolar education for caregivers improved health for people with bipolar disorder.
Meal replacement diets are one of many diet options to help people lose weight. Researchers from Medifast found that a meal replacement program appeared to be more beneficial in initial weight loss than a plan that involved participant food preparation, but there were some study limits.
Severe asthma attacks in children often include a trip to the doctor's office or emergency room for treatment. Researchers in Australia found that training parents to administer an oral corticosteroid at home not only decreased the need for emergency medical help but also improved recovery.
Vitamins are most often associated with health benefits but can high doses of vitamins create more harm than good? A study from Canada found that high doses of Vitamin B may actually increase kidney and blood vessel health for people with diabetes.
Many heart disease and stroke guidelines include recommendations to decrease dietary saturated fats, but the proof of the link is unclear. A systematic review by researchers in California did not find a link between high dietary saturated fats and the development of heart disease or stroke.
Obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) occurs most often in late adolescence and early adulthood and can interfere with day to day life. A Cochrane review found that behavioral/cognitive therapy may be as effective as medication in managing OCD.
Eczema is caused by genetic factors but certain environmental irritants and food may be linked to its development. Researchers from Sweden found that infants with an early introduction to fish were less likely to develop eczema.
Loss of bone can lead to severe fractures and disability, but there are many steps you can take to build and keep strong healthy bones. Researchers at Curtin University found that walking may be an effective tool in maintaining bone density.
Obesity in children and adolescents can set the stage for early development of illnesses and obesity in adults. Researchers in Boston found that teens with a lack of sleep, too much time on the internet, and alcohol use were more likely to have higher BMIs.
Heart medication may be prescribed to help decrease the stress of the heart or to improve its function. A large study from Boston has shown that the medications may also provide some protection against Alzheimer's.
Ginkgo Biloba is often sold as an aid for a healthy brain but it may not be as effective as some believe. In a large study people that were given ginkgo biloba supplements were not foudn to have lower rates of cognitive decline than those that did not take the supplements.
Good asthma management can lead to decrease use of medicine, illness, and improved quality of life. Researchers from Egypt found that certain vitamins and dietary supplements may be an effective tool for asthma management in children.
Researchers from India found that a yoga program may be an effective tool in an asthma management program.
Acetaminophen is often given just after vaccines to reduce the chance of developing a fever. However, researchers from the Czech Republic found that in addition to lowering fever, the medication may also lower the immune response to the vaccine.
A pacifier can help soothe a cranky baby but some worry that it may discourage the infant from breastfeeding. Researchers from Buenos Aires found in their study that pacifier use did not affect the rate of breastfeeding.
Daily choices like diet or physical activity are known to play an important role in maintaining good physical health but it appears they may also be important for your mental health. Researchers from Spain found that participants who followed a Mediterranean diet were less likely to develop depression.
Hypertension can lead to serious heart and blood vessel disease but there are lifestyle changes you can make to decrease your risk. Researchers from Brigham and Women’s Hospital and Harvard Medical School found six particular habits that may decrease your risk.
Obesity has been linked to low levels of physical activity and increased hours of time in front of a TV or computer but just how great is the risk? Researchers from Iowa State University found that children with these habits were 3-4 times more likely to be overweight.
Managing asthma can help decrease your sick days and keep you breathing freely. Research from the Netherlands found that an online program may be able to provide support and decrease problems.
Healthy choices have been encouraged to help decrease the risk of many serious illnesses and now it also may help keep the heart strong. Researchers in Boston found that men with certain healthy habits had significantly lower risks of heart failure.
Smoking can be a difficult habit to break but supportive tools may increase your chance of success. Researchers in South Korea found that a computer based program may help you stay smoke free through the first year.
Technology is a common part of teens' everyday activities, but it may play a role in their sleep time. Researchers from Drexel University found that teens with high technology use at night were more likely to doze off during the day.
Babies are known to reap benefits from breastfeeding but it appears it may be good for mom too. Researchers at the University of Pittsburgh found that women that breastfed were less likely to develop heart disease later in life.
Warm water immersion has been used for years to help relieve pain and anxiety for women in labor. A review by the Cochrane database found that this birthing option did appear to reduce the need for pain medication and did not increase the risk of illness for the mother or baby.
Although the specific reason is not clear, many studies have shown a link between certain illnesses and red or processed meats. Researchers from the National Cancer institute found that eating high levels of these meats may shorten your life expectancy.
A screening test for ovarian cancer would help to diagnose the cancer before it spreads. Unfortunately, the PLCO Cancer Screening Trial found that the CA 125 and Transvaginal Ultrasound were not effective tools for ovarian cancer screening.
Many studies have shown that having the right amount of folic acid in the diet can help prevent birth defects known as neural tube defects. Researchers from Canada found that folic acid may also play a role in preventing birth defects related to the heart.
Women with low risk pregnancies may choose to have their birth at home rather than a hospital but some are concerned over the safety of homebirths. A study done in the Netherlands found that homebirths attended by certified midwives were just as safe as hospital births.
Teens that smoke regularly have a high risk of becoming smoking adult and developing deadly illnesses. Researchers from Dartmouth Medical School found that the exposure to smoking images in movies may encourage a long term habit.
Diet soda is often used as a substitute for high sugar drinks for people trying to cut down on calories and sugar intake. However, an observational study from the University of Texas suggests there may be a link between diet soda consumption and type 2 Diabetes.
The type of fat you eat can play as large of a role in the risk of heart disease as the amount of fat you eat. Researchers from Denmark found that replacing saturated fats in a diet with polyunsaturated fats may significantly reduce the risk for heart disease.
Thimerosal is a preservative made with mercury, that was formally used with vaccines. There were some concerns that the mercury caused developmental issues in children that received vaccines with thimerosal. A 10 year follow-up in Italy found no significant developmental differences in children that had received the vaccine.
There are hundreds of choices of diet plans to help you lose weight, many which focus on eliminating or enhancing one nutrient. Researchers from Harvard School of Public Health found that what matters most in weight loss is the amount of calories not the source of the calories.
The best treatment for hot flashes was HRT but there are concerns about its safety. US researchers found that desvenlafaxine, an antidepressant, may help women manage hot flashes.
The rates of obesity in children has been climbing at an alarming rate over the last decade. A study from Sweden found that obesity in youth can lead to early death in adulthood.
People with seasonal allergies may begin to flock to medicine cabinets for relief from nasal congestion. But a study done in Vienna suggests that phenylephrine may not be the best choice for relief.
Eczema can cause severe dry and scaly patches on the skin and is most common in children. A research review found that adding probiotics to treatment may help to decrease the symptoms in children with severe eczema.
Severe PMS can cause intense physical and behavioral symptoms that may interfere with your ability to function socially and professionally. A research review finds that some anti-depressant medication may be effective at relieving these symptoms.
A tonsillectomy is a common procedure often done for children with recurrent sore throats. A review of past studies indicate that this surgery may not have significant benefits for some.
Gout is a painful inflammatory condition that can cause short term disability. Canadian researchers found that a diet rich with high vitamin C levels may help prevent gout.
Cognitive decline is a common problem associated with aging. Some research has suggested vitamin B may decrease the decline. However, results from the Women’s Antioxidant and Folic Acid Cardiovascular Study found that B vitamins did not prevent decline as hoped.
People with Celiac Disease benefit greatly from a gluten-free diet, but can some gluten be tolerated? Researchers in England found that the amount of gluten that can be tolerated can vary widely from person to person.
In many individuals Type 2 diabetes may be a preventable condition with proper lifestyle changes. Two separate studies found specific weight measurements and food choices that may increase the risk for this type of diabetes.
Shoes insoles are a common consumer choice to treat back pain. A systematic review by the Cochrane Library suggests that these insoles are not effective in preventing back pain.
Physical activity has been linked to a decrease chance of stroke. Researchers from Germany found that activity in and through adulthood was most beneficial in reducing the risk of stroke.
Some find that diabetes management and lifestyle changes can be a difficult task. Many studies have shown that a support system is important and the Center for Health Studies in Seattle found that an online version can be effective.
Back pain can greatly impact your life and can be difficult to manage. Research from Northern Ireland suggests that acupuncture may be able to play a role in alleviating back pain.
A Cochrane library review found that a basic exercise program may help increase walking times and decrease pain for people with this chronic leg pain.
Researchers in Spain tested the benefits of the Mediterranean diet when healthy fats were encouraged through nuts or olive oil compared to a traditional low fat diet. The diets with nuts or oil appear to have better results.
A review of birth outcomes from the Cochrane database found that births attended by midwives had some better outcomes than traditional births.
Smoking and nicotine can have serious effects on the health of the developing baby, including increasing the risk of death. A study in Denmark found that women that tried nicotine replacement therapy during pregnancy had lower risks of stillbirths than those that continued smoking.
Salmonella tainted peanut butter has been responsible for making hundreds of people sick over the last couple of months. The CDC was able to track the source of infection through a series of case studies.
The National Center for Injury Prevention and Control reviewed the results of a national teen violence survey to find if there is a link between alcohol use and teen violence. The study found that early use of alcohol may be connected to some types of violence.