A risk factor is something that increases your chances of developing cancer. Some risk factors cannot be modified such as your age or genes. Others may be reduced or avoided.
Manage abnormal endometrial cells—Endometrial intraepithelial neoplasia (EIN) may appear years before uterine cancer. Treatment may help to prevent them from turning into cancer.
Lose excess weight or maintain a healthy weight—Higher estrogen levels are associated with increased weight. Talk to your doctor about how to lose weight safely. Eating a well-balanced, nutritious diet will help with maintaining weight within a normal range. It will also help reduce the chance of diabetes, which in turn, lowers uterine cancer risk.
Exercise regularly—Physical activity is associated with many benefits, including weight control, and reducing blood pressure and the risk of uterine cancer. Aim for at least 30 minutes a day on most days of the week. This can be as easy as taking a brisk walk. If you are not used to regular exercise, talk to your doctor before starting any exercise program.
Do not smoke. If you do smoke, look for ways to help you stop. There are many tools now available.
Other steps that may reduce the risk include:
Breastfeeding—If you have a baby, breastfeeding will also reduce the risk of uterine cancer. This is especially true for women who breastfeed for a longer period of time.
Birth control—may lower your risk. However, it should not be used solely to reduce risk of uterine cancer.
Can endometrial cancer be prevented? American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/endometrial-cancer/causes-risks-prevention/prevention.html. Updated February 29, 2016. Accessed December 6, 2017.
Endometrial cancer. The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/Patients/FAQs/Endometrial-Cancer. Updated June 2016. Accessed December 6, 2017.
Endometrial cancer prevention. National Cancer Institute website. Available at: https://www.cancer.gov/types/uterine/patient/endometrial-prevention-pdq#section/_12. Updated April 7, 2017. Accessed December 6, 2017.
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