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Acute Kidney Injury
(AKI; Acute Kidney Failure; Acute Renal Failure; Acute Renal Insufficiency)
by Madeline Vann, MPH
Acute kidney injury (AKI) is the sudden loss of kidney function. Kidneys clean wastes from the blood and maintain fluid levels in the body.
Problems can happen:
AKI has many causes:
Risk Factors TOP
AKI is most common in older adults and females. Your chances are also higher if you have:
Most people do not have symptoms. In those that have them, AKI may cause:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You may also have:
You may be referred to a specialist for care.
Care depends on the cause of AKI and how serious it is. Care may involve:
To lower your chances of AKI, don’t take medicines you know cause kidney problems. Your doctor will find other medicines to help you.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
National Kidney Foundation
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Acute kidney injury. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T566508/Acute-kidney-injury. Updated April 26, 2018. Accessed May 31, 2018.
Acute kidney injury (AKI). Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/genitourinary-disorders/acute-kidney-injury/acute-kidney-injury-aki. Updated December 2017. Accessed May 31, 2018.
Kidney failure. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/kidney-disease/kidney-failure. Accessed May 31, 2018.
Rahman M, Shad F, Smith MC. Acute kidney injury: a guide to diagnosis and management. Am Fam Physician. 2012;86(7):631-639.
Last reviewed May 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 5/31/2018
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