CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368

Search Health Library

Chondrosarcoma

(Cartilage Cancer; Cancer of the Cartilage)

Pronounced: KAHN-dro-sar-KO-ma

Definition

Chondrosarcoma is a type of cancer. It grows in cartilage cells in the body. Cartilage is connective tissue.

This cancer is typically found in the cartilage cells of the femur, arm, pelvis, knee, and spine. Rarely, the ribs and other areas may also be affected.

Cartilage

si55550583_96472_1
Copyright © Nucleus Medical Media, Inc.

Causes    TOP

Cancer occurs when cells in the body divide without control or order. If cells keep dividing uncontrollably, a mass of tissue forms. This is called a growth or tumor. The term cancer refers to malignant tumors. They can invade nearby tissue and spread to other parts of the body.

The cause for these changes in the cells is unknown. It is likely to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors.

Risk Factors    TOP

Certain factors seem to be common among individuals who develop chondrosarcoma. These include:

  • Enchondroma—a non-cancerous bone tumor often found in the hands
  • Osteochondroma—excess cartilage or bone found at the end of a growth plate
  • Multiple osteochondromas—bone tumors
  • Olliers disease, which causes a group of enchondromas
  • Maffuccis syndrome, which causes a combination of multiple endochondromas and various tumors

Symptoms    TOP

The most common symptoms of chondrosarcoma include:

  • Large lump or mass on a bone
  • Pressure surrounding the mass
  • Pain that worsens at night
  • Pain that does not improve with rest
  • Pain that gradually worsens over time and may last for years

Diagnosis    TOP

You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done.

You may need tests of your bodily fluids and tissue. This can be done with:

You may need to have pictures taken of your bodily structures. This can be done with:

Treatment    TOP

Treatment can vary based on your age, overall health, and stage of the disease. Talk with your doctor about the best plan for you. Treatment options include:

Surgery

Surgery is the most effective way to remove the tumor. It is more effective than chemo- and radiation therapy. Physical therapy may be used to help the area heal after surgery.

Radiation Therapy

With radiation therapy, high-energy x-rays may be used to target and kill cancer cells.

Other Therapies    TOP

Drugs that kill tumor cells may be used. The use of chemotherapy may depend on the type of chondrosarcoma that you have.

Prevention    TOP

There are no current guidelines to prevent chondrosarcoma because the cause is unknown.

RESOURCES:

Boston Children's Hospital
http://www.childrenshospital.org
National Cancer Institute
http://www.cancer.gov

CANADIAN RESOURCES:

Canadian Cancer Society
http://www.cancer.ca

References:

Chow WA. Update on chondrosarcomas. Curr. Opin. Oncol. 2007;19(4):371-376.
DeGroot H. Chondrosarcoma. Bone Tumor website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed September 2016.
Lewis VO. What’s new in musculoskeletal oncology. J Bone Joint Surg Am. 2007;89(6):1399-1407.
What is chondrosarcoma? The Liddy Shriver Sarcoma Initiative website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated October 2012. Accessed September 6, 2016.
Last reviewed May 2016 by Mohei Abouzied, MD
Last Updated: 5/28/2014

EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.

This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.

To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at healthlibrarysupport@ebsco.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.

Health Library: Editorial Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms and Conditions | Support
36000 Darnall Loop Fort Hood, Texas 76544-4752 | Phone: (254) 288-8000