|CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368|
(Cushing Disease; Hypercortisolism)
by Michelle Badash, MS
Cushing syndrome is a hormone disorder. Cortisol, in normal doses, helps the body manage stress and infection. However, high levels over a long period of time can cause several health problems.
Prolonged or excess exposure to cortisol may be caused by:
Risk Factors TOP
Factors that may increase your chance of Cushing syndrome include using corticodsteroids to treat diseases, such as:
Cushing syndrome may cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may be done to determine the level of cortisol and find a cause.
Blood tests, urine tests, and saliva tests may be done.
Imaging tests evaluate the pituitary and adrenal glands, and other internal structures. These may include:
Treatment of Cushing syndrome depends on the cause. Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options include:
Work with your doctor to keep your use of corticosteroid drugs to a minimum.
Cushing's Support and Research Foundation
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Arnaldi G, Angeli A, Atkinson AB, et al. Diagnosis and complications of Cushing’s syndrome: a consensus statement. J Clin Endocrinolo Metabo. 2003;88(12):5593-5602.
Cushing disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T127665/Cushing-disease. Updated June 15, 2017. Accessed March 5, 2018.
Cushing's syndrome. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated April 2012. Accessed March 5, 2018.
Diez JJ, Iglesias P. Pharmacological therapy of Cushing’s syndrome: drugs and indications. Mini Rev Med Chem. 2007;7(5):467-480.
Kirk LF Jr, Hash RB, Katner HP, Jones T. Cushing's disease: clinical manifestations and diagnostic evaluation. Am Fam Physician. 2000;62(5):1119-1127.
Tritos NA, Biller BM, Swearingen B. Management of Cushing disease. Nat Rev Endocrinol. 2011;7(5):279-289.
Makras P, Toloumis G, Papadogias D, Kaltsas GA, Besser M. The diagnosis and differential diagnosis of endogenous Cushing’s syndrome. Hormones. 2006;5(4):231-250.
Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardAlan Drabkin, MD
Last Updated: 2/17/2016
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.