|CRDAMC Homepage | CRDAMC Library Phone #: (254) 288-8366 | CRDAMC Library Fax #: (254) 288-8368|
(Cholesterol, High; Hypercholesterolemia)
by Rosalyn Carson-DeWitt, MD
Cholesterol is a type of lipid in the blood. High cholesterol is an abnormally high level of cholesterol in the blood.
Cholesterol is sits in lipoproteins including:
Risk Factors TOP
Occurrence of high cholesterol increases with age. It is more common in men. It is also more common in women after menopause.
Factors that may increase your risk of high cholesterol include:
It is rare for high cholesterol to cause symptoms. However, high cholesterol can increase your risk of atherosclerosis, a disease of the arteries. It can block the flow of blood. Some complications of atherosclerosis include:
Some people with high cholesterol may also have cholesterol deposits in tendons, under the eyes, or in the eye.
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. You will be asked about factors that may increase your risk of heart disease or stroke.
A blood test will also be done. Blood will be sent to a lab to measure lipid levels in your blood. Tests may include:
Other tests may be done to look for other conditions that can be associated with high cholesterol levels.
Talk to your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment is aimed at decreasing your LDL cholesterol levels and decreasing your risk for heart disease and stroke. Options include:
Talk to your doctor about the best meal plan for you. Consider the following changes:
American Heart Association
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute
Canadian Cardiovascular Society
Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada
Cholesterol. American Heart Association website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed January 26, 2015.
Explore cholesterol. National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated September 19, 2012. Accessed January 26, 2015.
Hypercholesterolemia. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated January 8, 2018. Accessed January 16, 2018.
12/14/2009 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Ferdowsian HR, Barnard ND. Effects of plant-based diets on plasma lipids. Am J Cardiol. 2009;104(7):947-956.
8/27/2013 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Hartley L, Flowers N, Holmes J, et al. Green and black tea for the primary prevention of cardiovascular disease. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2013;6:CD009934.
Last reviewed March 2017 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 1/16/2018
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.