The goal of treatment is to manage symptoms and improve quality of life. Choices are:
Medicine to relax muscles
Physical therapy to improve strength and range of motion
Braces and other devices to provide support
Occupational therapy to learn new ways to do daily tasks
Marijuana may also be an option for people who live in certain states. It has been approved for some health problems, such as spasticity.
Some people may need surgery for severe spasticity if other methods do not help. The nerve that sends sensory messages from the muscles to the spine will be cut. It may help reduce the strength of muscle stiffness and spasm.
There are no known guidelines to prevent this problem.
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Spasticity. American Association of Neurological Surgeons website. Available at: http://www.aans.org/Patient%20Information/Conditions%20and%20Treatments/Spasticity.aspx. Accessed October 12, 2020.
Spasticity. Christopher and Dana Reeve Foundation website. Available at: https://www.christopherreeve.org/living-with-paralysis/health/secondary-conditions/spasticity. Accessed October 12, 2020.
Spasticity. National Multiple Sclerosis Society website. Available at: http://www.nationalmssociety.org/Symptoms-Diagnosis/MS-Symptoms/Spasticity. Accessed October 12, 2020.
Spinal cord injury - chronic management. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/management/management-of-chronic-spinal-cord-injury. Accessed October 12, 2020.
7/20/2015 EBSCO DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillance https://www.dynamed.com/drug-review/medical-uses-of-cannabinoids: Whiting PF, Wolff RF, et al. Cannabinoids for medical use: a systematic review and meta-analysis. JAMA. 2015;313(24):2456-2473.
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