Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options may include the one or more of the following:
You will need time to heal. RICE and immediate medical care are often the first part of treatment:
Rest—Activities will need to be restricted.
Ice—Ice therapy may help relieve swelling.
Compression—Used for a limited time, compression bandages can provide gentle pressure to help move fluids out of the area.
Elevation—Keeping the area elevated can help fluids drain out or prevent fluids from building up.
Crutches or a walker may be advised to protect the healing tendon.
Prescription or over-the-counter medication may be advised to reduce pain.
Surgery is the most common treatment for this condition. An incision is made in the lower leg and the tendon is sewn back together. A
cast, splint, walking boot, or brace is worn for 6-8 weeks. One of the benefits of surgery is that it lowers the risk of re-rupturing the tendon. Surgery may also be a better option if you are physically active.
The other option is to allow your tendon to heal without surgery. In this case, you also need to wear a cast, splint, walking boot, or brace for 6-8 weeks. You also may have different exercises to do. If you are less active or have a chronic illness that prevents surgery, this option may be better for you.
A physical therapist will assess the tendon. An exercise program will be created to help recovery and to strengthen the muscles.
To help reduce your chance of getting Achilles tendon rupture, take the following steps:
Do warm-up exercises before an activity and cool down exercises after an activity.
Achilles tendon rupture. Ortho Info—American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons website. Available at: http://orthoinfo.aaos.org/topic.cfm?topic=AV0003. Updated May 2012. Accessed February 29, 2016.
Achilles tendon rupture. American College of Foot and Ankle Surgeons Foot Health Facts website. Available at: http://www.foothealthfacts.org/Content.aspx?id=1363&terms=achilles%20tendon%20rupture. Accessed February 29, 2016.
Maffulli, N. Current concepts review—rupture of the Achilles tendon. JBJS. 1999;81:1019-1036.
van der Linden P, Sturkenboom C, Herings R, et al. Increased risk of Achilles tendon rupture with quinolone antibacterial use, especially in elderly patients taking oral corticosteroids. Arch Intern Med. 2003;163:1801-1807.
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