is abnormal electrical activity in the brain. It may be mild or severe and cause problems, such as jerking motions of the limbs or body. It can be a symptom or a side effect of a more serious health problem.
Abnormal and excessive electrical activity in the brain.
The child's brain activity may be tested. This can be done with an
Some seizures will not need to be treated. For example, children will outgrow seizures caused by fever by about 5 years of age. Others will be treated based on what is causing them. Underlying problems causing seizures will need to be treated.
Anti-seizure medicine may be given. The one that is used will depend on the type of seizure the child has.
Surgery may be needed in children with severe seizures who are not helped by medicine. Nerve fibers may be separated or a section of the brain that starts the seizure may be removed. It is only an option for children who have specific parts of the brain involved. It is not done often.
Hogan T. Seizure disorders in childhood. Loyola University Medical Education Network website. Available at: http://www.meddean.luc.edu/lumen/MedED/pedneuro/epilepsy.htm. Accessed January 3, 2020.
Kimia AA, Bachur RG, et al. Febrile seizures: emergency medicine perspective. Curr Opin Pediatr. 2015 Jun;27(3):292-297.
Neonatal seizures. Intensive Care Nursery Staff House Manual. UCSF Children's Hospital website. Available at: https://www.ucsfbenioffchildrens.org/pdf/manuals/48_Seizures.pdf. Published 2004. Accessed January 3, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Kari Kassir, MD
Last Updated: 7/21/2020
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