(Pharyngitis; Tonsillopharyngitis; Throat Infection)
by Jennifer Lewy, MSW
A sore throat is the general name for two common conditions:
Many things can cause a sore throat, such as:
Risk Factors TOP
Sore throats are more common in certain people. However, anyone can get a sore throat. Risk factors that may increase your chance of getting a sore throat include:
Along with the sore throat, you may have other symptoms, such as:
When Should I Call My Doctor?
Call your doctor if you:
The American Academy of Pediatrics suggests calling your child's doctor if your child has a sore throat that continues through the day (no matter what other symptoms are present).
If you think you have an emergency, get medical care right away.
Your doctor will do a physical exam. This involves looking closely at your mouth, throat, nose, ears, and the lymph nodes in your neck.
Treatment depends on the cause of the sore throat. Options may include:
Here are ways to reduce your chance of getting a sore throat:
American Academy of Pediatrics
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Canadian Society of Otolaryngology
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Last reviewed September 2013
Last Updated: 9/30/2013