by Cynthia M. Johnson, MA
Rhabdomyolysis is a breakdown of muscle tissue. This causes a protein called myoglobin to be released into the bloodstream. These proteins can cause severe damage to the kidneys.
The muscle damage may be caused by:
Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
Common problems are:
You will be asked about your symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. This may be enough to suspect the diagnosis.
The diagnosis can be confirmed with:
The underlying cause will need to be treated. Choices are:
There are no known guidelines to prevent this health problem.
Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians
National Kidney Foundation
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Rhabdomyolysis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/rhabdomyolysis. Accessed November 30, 2020.
Torres PA, Helmstetter JA, Kaye AM, Kaye AD. Rhabdomyolysis: Pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment. Ochsner J. 2015;15(1):58-69.
Last reviewed September 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 4/23/2021