by Rick Alan
Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland. The prostate is a walnut-sized gland in men that surrounds the urethra. It produces a fluid that is part of semen.
There are four types of prostatitis:
Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis are caused by an infection. A bacteria enters the prostate usually come from the urinary tract or rectum.
The causes of chronic pelvic pain syndrome and asymptomatic inflammatory prostatitis are not clearly understood. In some people, it is possible that a cause may not be found.
Risk Factors TOP
Prostatitis is most common in men who use catheters. Other factors that may increase your risk of prostatitis include:
Symptoms depend on the category of prostatitis syndrome. In many people, symptoms may not appear. In others, they may appear as another condition.
Symptoms may include:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Tests may be done to find the cause of the symptoms and rule out other conditions. Tests may include:
Treatment depends on the type of prostatitis:
Acute and chronic bacterial prostatitis are treated with oral antibiotics. Antibiotics may be given over 4-12 weeks. The antibiotics may be given through an IV for severe infections.
Other medications to help manage symptoms include:
Your doctor may recommend that you avoid alcohol and caffeinated beverages.
Antibiotics may be recommended if an infection is possible. Other treatments to manage symptoms include:
There is no known way to prevent prostatitis.
American Urological Association Foundation
The Prostatitis Foundation
Canadian Urological Association
Men's Health Centre
Acute prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/what. Updated March 7, 2013. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Prostatitis. National Kidney and Urologic Diseases Information Clearinghouse website. Available at: http://kidney.nidd.... Updated June 29, 2013. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Prostatitis (prostate infection). Urology Care Foundation website. Available at: http://www.urologyhealth.org/urology/index.cfm?article=15. Accessed April 16, 2013.
Propert KJ, McNaughton-Collins M, Leiby BE, et al. A prostpective study of symptoms and quality of life in men with chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome: The National Institutes of Health Chronic Prostatitis Cohort Study. J Urol. 2006;175:619-623.
Sharp VJ, Takacs EB, Powell CR. Prostatitis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2010 Aug 15;82(4):397-406.
Last reviewed April 2013 by Brian Randall, MD
Last Updated: 4/16/2013
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