Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is a chronic lung disease that can happen in newborns and babies. It can make it hard to breathe.
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BPD is caused by damage or injury to immature lungs from mechanical ventilation or long-term use of oxygen.
BPD is more common in premature babies whose lungs are still developing. It is also more common in babies who have a very low birth weight. Other things that may raise the risk are:
Symptoms may be:
You will be asked about your baby's symptoms and health history. A physical exam will be done. It will focus on the lungs.
Blood tests may be done to look for genetic problems.
The baby’s lung function may be tested. This can be done with:
Images may be taken. This can be done with:
Treatment options for BPD include:
Supportive care may be needed, such as:
Medicine may be needed, such as:
There are no guidelines to prevent BPD. Proper prenatal care during pregnancy may help lower the risk.
American Lung Association
Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia. American Lung Association website. Available at: http://www.lung.org/lung-disease/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia. Accessed January 7, 2020.
Bronchopulmonary dysplasia. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/condition/bronchopulmonary-dysplasia. Updated October 25, 2019. Accessed January 7, 2020.
Jain D, Bancalari E. Bronchopulmonary dysplasia: clinical perspective. Birth Defects Res A Clin Mol Teratol. 2014 Mar;100(3):134-144.
Respiratory distress syndrome (RDS) of the newborn . EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/condition/respiratory-distress-syndrome-rds-of-the-newborn-23. Updated August 13, 2019. Accessed January 7, 2020.
4/1/2014 DynaMed Systematic Literature Surveillancehttps://www.dynamed.com/quality-improvement/choosing-wisely: Choosing wisely. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed. Updated June 24, 2019. Accessed January 7, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Kari Kassir, MD Last Updated: 1/7/2020