Dysarthria is a speech disorder. It differs from aphasia, which is a language disorder.
Dysarthria may arise from problems with the muscles in the mouth, throat, and respiratory system, as well as other causes.
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This condition can be caused by not being able to control and coordinate the muscles that you use to talk. This can result from:
Factors that increase your chance of dysarthria include:
Dysarthria may cause:
You will be asked about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done, paying close attention to your:
Images may be taken of your brain. This can be done with:
The electrical function of your nerves may be tested. This can be done with a nerve conduction study.
The electrical function of your muscles may be tested. This can be done with a electromyogram (EMG).
Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Treatment options include the following:
To help reduce your chance of dysarthria:
American Speech-Language-Hearing Association
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Heart and Stroke Foundation
Speech-Language and Audiology Canada
Dysarthria. American Speech-Language-Hearing Association website. Available at: http://www.asha.org/public/speech/disorders/dysarthria.htm. Accessed November 9, 2017.
McGhee H, Cornwell P, Addis P, Jarman C. Treating dysarthria following traumatic brain injury: Investigating the benefits of commencing treatment during post-traumatic amnesia in two participants. Brain Inj. 2006;20(12):1307-1319.
Preventing a stroke. National Stroke Association website. Available at: http://www.stroke.org/understand-stroke/preventing-stroke. Accessed November 9, 2017.
Last reviewed November 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Rimas Lukas, MD Last Updated: 12/20/2014