Gastritis is a group of medical issues that have inflammation of the lining of the stomach. It may start suddenly or appear slowly over time. Gastritis is often easily treated. Some may develop ulcers and other problems due to damage to lining of stomach.
The inflammation of gastritis is most often the result of infection with the same bacterium that causes most stomach ulcers. Regular use of certain pain relievers and drinking too much alcohol can also contribute to gastritis.
Causes of acute gastritis include any of the following:
Causes of chronic gastritis include any of the following:
Factors that may increase your chance of acute gastritis include:
Factors that increase your chance of getting chronic gastritis include:
Gastritis may not cause any symptoms. Those that do have symptoms may have:
If the gastritis is causing bleeding, you may notice:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done.
Tests may include:
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Talk with your doctor about the best treatment plan for you. Options may include:
Medicines may help to relieve symptoms. Some can also help to heal the stomach lining. Medicine can be available over the counter or by prescription. Your doctor may recommend:
Treatment may also include stopping or changing medicine that is causing problems. Your doctor can find an alternative if needed.
To help reduce the chances of gastritis from NSAIDs:
To help reduce the chances of H. pylori infection:
If you smoke, look for ways to quit. Your doctor may recommend some tools to help you.
Avoid alcohol. If you do drink, drink in moderation. Moderation is 1 drink or less a day for women and 2 drinks a day or less for men.
American College of Gastroenterology
American Gastroenterological Association
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
Acute gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T115779/Acute-gastritis. Accessed January 26, 2021.
Chronic gastritis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T170655/Chronic-gastritis. Accessed January 26, 2021.
Gastritis. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/digestive-diseases/gastritis. Accessed January 26, 2021.
Last reviewed November 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardNicole S. Meregian, PA Last Updated: 1/26/2021