Once a luxury associated only with ladies of leisure, massage has become an integral part of training for many athletes. Two important benefits of massage include increased flexibility and reduced pain. And, after a hard day's workout, massage can also provide a sense of relaxation. Some of the techniques used to massage athletes include:
Massage is most effective as part of an athlete's total training program, which includes a healthful diet, adequate hydration, proper stretching, and well-designed workouts. Sporadic, post-event massage, such as a massage that is available after a marathon, does not have much physiological benefit. Studies have shown that light exercise—a brisk walk or easy jog—not a one-time massage, is the best way to speed recovery after a strenuous event.
There are situations in which massage would not be appropriate. These include:
Recent injury —Athletes should wait until swelling has gone down and bad bruises have healed before receiving massage.
Circulatory problems —Athletes who suffer from phlebitis or other circulatory disorders have fragile veins that can be easily damaged by the direct pressure of massage therapy.
Skin conditions —Athletes should wait until open wounds or contagious skin conditions are resolved before receiving massage.
Bone injury —Athletes with significant trauma to the bones or joints, such as fracture or dislocation, should not have massage therapy.
Other conditions —Athletes with infectious diseases and other conditions may require a gentler form of massage or may not be able to tolerate treatment at all. In these cases, check with your physician first.
From soothing tired muscles to calming an overworked mind, massage is a potentially useful addition to any athlete's training program.
If you decide to try sports massage, consider this:
The American Massage Therapy Association
National Center for Complimentary and Integrative Health
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Last reviewed February 2017 by Michael Woods, MD, FAAP Last Updated: 3/7/2013