Pronounced: endo-vas-kyoo-lar embo-lie-zay-shun
by Deanna M. Neff, MPH
This is a procedure to fill or close blood vessels. This prevents bleeding and rupture. It is an alternative to open surgery.
Reasons for Procedure TOP
Endovascular embolization can treat many conditions such as:
The procedure can be used alone or with other treatments. It can make your quality of life better by stopping bleeding or lowering the risk of rupture.
Possible Complications TOP
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review possible problems such as:
Your chances of problems are higher for:
What to Expect TOP
Prior to Procedure
You may have:
Leading up to your procedure:
General anesthesia is used. It will block any pain and keep you asleep.
Description of the Procedure TOP
The groin will be shaved and sterilized. The catheter will be inserted here.
A tiny cut will be made in the groin to access an artery. The catheter will be placed in the artery. Then, it’s threaded up to the site. A special dye is injected. It makes it easier to see on a video monitor. X-rays will help the doctor find the right place. The blood vessel can be closed with:
They’re inserted though the catheter and to the site. Imaging tests will confirm the blood vessels are closed. The catheter and IV are removed. A bandage will cover the wound.
Immediately After Procedure TOP
You will lie still for 6-8 hours.
How Long Will It Take? TOP
30 minutes to several hours—the time depends on what needs to be done
How Much Will It Hurt? TOP
Anesthesia will prevent pain during surgery. Medicines will ease pain after.
Average Hospital Stay TOP
Normally, you will stay for 2 days. You will need to stay longer if you have any problems.
Post-procedure Care TOP
At the Hospital
During your stay, the healthcare staff will take steps to lower your chances of infection such as:
There are also steps you can take to lower your chance of infection such as:
To help you heal faster, you may need:
Call Your Doctor TOP
Call your doctor if any of these occur:
Call for emergency medical services right away for:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
Brain Aneurysm Foundation
National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke
Brain Injury Canada
Heart and Stroke Foundation
Catheter embolization. Radiology Info—Radiological Society of North America website. Available at: https://www.radiologyinfo.org/en/info.cfm?pg=cathembol. Updated April 30, 2018. Accessed July 18, 2018.
Endovascular (embolization) treatment of aneurysms. The Toronto Brain Vascular Malformation Study Group website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed July 18, 2018.
Splenic artery aneurysm (SAA). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated February 22, 2016. Accessed July 18, 2018.
Vascular malformations in the brain. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated June 6, 2018. Accessed July 18, 2018.
Last reviewed June 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Michael Fucci, DO, FACC
Last Updated: 7/18/2018
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