by Editorial Staff And Contributors
Dialysis takes over the job of your kidneys if they fail. The kidneys have many functions that keep your body healthy. They filter the blood and make urine. They also balance fluid and salt levels in your blood. You may be on dialysis for a short time or it may be for life. Some people need it until a kidney transplant is ready.
Diabetes, kidney cancer, certain medicines, and high blood pressure can harm the kidneys. Damage to the tiny tubules that filter blood make it harder for them to work well. Over time, this can lead to a buildup of wastes and fluid in the blood.
There are 2 types of dialysis, hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis (PD). This fact sheet will focus on PD.
Reasons for Procedure TOP
Possible Complications TOP
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all have some risk. Your doctor will review possible problems, like:
Talk to your doctor about how to lower your chances of problems by managing:
What to Expect TOP
Prior to Procedure
A 2 foot, soft tube long is placed in the belly. This tube stays in during the course of care. A part of the tube is outside the body. It needs to stay clean and dry to lower the chances of infection.
Description of the Procedure
People who need PD can usually do it at home.
The belly is an area with organs and open spaces. The peritoneal space is line with a membrane. This membrane will filter the blood. Dialysate is a cleansing solution. It enters the body through the tube. Fluids and wastes pass from the blood vessels in the membrane and into the solution. The solution drains out through the tube after a few hours.
There are 3 types of PD:
How Long Will It Take? TOP
The time needed for PD depends on:
Will It Hurt? TOP
PD doesn't cause pain.
Post-procedure Care TOP
You may need to:
Make Changes to Your Diet
You may have a special diet. This will help you stay healthy. It also helps you get the most from PD. Your doctor will advise you on what you need to do.
Your doctor may give you medicines to:
Call Your Doctor TOP
Call your doctor if any of these occur:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
National Kidney Foundation
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Dialysis. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/atozTopic_Dialysis. Accessed June 11, 2018.
Peritoneal dialysis: Dose & adequacy. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Updated September 2010. Accessed June 11, 2018.
Peritoneal dialysis for end-stage renal disease. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.... Updated December 28, 2017. Accessed June 11, 2018.
Last reviewed June 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 6/7/2018
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