by Rick Alan
Prostatitis is swelling of the prostate gland in men. There are 4 types of prostatitis:
Cause will depend on the type of prostatitis:
A cause may not be found in some people.
Prostatitis is more common in men who use catheters. Other factors that may increase the chances of prostatitis are:
Symptoms depend on the type of prostatitis. Many may not have any problems. Symptoms that do occur may include:
The doctor will ask about symptoms and past health. A physical exam will be done. To help find a cause or rule out other issues the doctor may order:
Treatment steps will be based on type.
Antibiotics pills can be used to treat infections caused by bacteria. They may be given over several days or weeks. The antibiotics may be given through an IV for infections that are hard to treat.
Symptoms may be treated with:
Alcohol and drinks with caffeine can make symptoms worse.
Prostatitis Not Linked to Infection
Treatment may help to ease symptoms. Options include:
Men's Health Network
Urology Care Foundation
Canadian Urological Association
Men's Health Centre
Acute bacterial prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/acute-bacterial-prostatitis . Updated November 15, 2018. Accessed October 25, 2019.
Chronic bacterial prostatitis. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chronic-bacterial-prostatitis . Updated April 18, 2018. Accessed October 25, 2019.
Prostatitis: inflammation of the prostate. National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases website. Available at: https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/urologic-diseases/prostate-problems/prostatitis-inflammation-prostate. Updated July 2014. Accessed October 25, 2019.
Prostatitis (prostate infection). Urology Care Foundation website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed October 25, 2019.
Sharp VJ, Takacs EB, Powell CR. Prostatitis: diagnosis and treatment. Am Fam Physician. 2010;82(4):397-406.
5/18/2015 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed... : Zhang R, Chomistek AK, Dimitrakoff JD, et al. Physical activity and chronic prostatitis/chronic pelvic pain syndrome. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2015;7(4):757-764.
Last reviewed October 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 10/25/2019
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at firstname.lastname@example.org. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.