Michael Jubinville, MPH
A hemorrhoidectomy is done to remove hemorrhoids. Hemorrhoids are swollen veins. They're found in or around the anus and rectum. They cause discomfort, pain, or bleeding.
Reasons for Procedure TOP
This may be done for hemorrhoids that:
Possible Complications TOP
Problems from the procedure are rare, but all procedures have some risk. Your doctor will review potential problems such as:
Your chances of problems are higher for:
What to Expect TOP
Prior to Procedure
You may have:
Leading up to the procedure:
This may be done with:
Description of the Procedure TOP
A cut will be made around each hemorrhoid. The swollen vein inside will be tied off so it doesn't bleed. The hemorrhoid will then be taken out. The wounds will either be stitched closed or left open to heal.
There are other ways this can be done. Your doctor will talk to you about which one will work best for you.
Immediately After Procedure TOP
You will be monitored in a recovery area for a few hours.
How Long Will It Take? TOP
About 1-2 hours
How Much Will It Hurt? TOP
Anesthesia will keep you pain free. After the procedure, it can be controlled with medicines.
Post-procedure Care TOP
During your stay, the healthcare staff will take steps to lower your chances of infection such as:
There are also steps you can take to lower your chances of infection such as:
To help you feel better faster:
Call Your Doctor TOP
Call your doctor if any of these occur:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Gastroenterological Association
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons
Canadian Association of Gastroenterology
The College of Family Physicians of Canada
Hemorrhoids. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at: http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116475/Hemorrhoids. Updated February 20, 2018. Accessed August 24, 2018.
Hemorrhoids. Merck Manual Professional Version website. Available at: https://www.merckmanuals.com/professional/gastrointestinal-disorders/anorectal-disorders/hemorrhoids. Updated July 2018. Accessed August 24, 2018.
Hemorrhoidectomy. Encyclopedia of Surgery website. Available at:
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Accessed August 23, 2018.
6/2/2011 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.dynamed...: Mills E, Eyawo O, Lockhart I, Kelly S, Wu P, Ebbert JO. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.
Last reviewed June 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Marcin Chwistek, MD
Last Updated: 8/24/2018
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