(Fibroid Tumor Removal; Uterine Fibroid Removal)
by Editorial Staff and Contributors
This surgery involves removing fibroids from the wall of the uterus (womb). Fibroids are noncancerous tumors in the muscle of the uterus.
Reasons for Procedure TOP
Myomectomy is done to relieve problems caused by fibroids without doing a hysterectomy (removal of the uterus). These problems can include:
The symptoms caused by fibroids are often successfully controlled with this procedure. This may include a return to a normal menstrual cycle and the ability to become pregnant.
Possible Complications TOP
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a myomectomy, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
Before your procedure, talk to your doctor about ways to manage factors that may increase your risk of complications such as:
What to Expect TOP
Prior to Procedure
Your doctor may do the following:
You should discuss with your doctor:
Leading up to your procedure:
General anesthesia is used most often. It will block any pain and keep you asleep through the surgery. It is given through an IV in your hand or arm.
Description of the Procedure TOP
A small cut will be made in the navel. A laparoscope will be inserted into the abdomen through the cut. A laparoscope is a tube with a tiny camera on the end. It will be used to examine the abdomen. Two or three additional small cuts will be made in the abdomen. Other tools will be inserted through these cuts. Each fibroid will be located and removed. In some cases, you may be given a medication to reduce blood loss. After the fibroids are removed, the incision area will be closed with stitches.
Be aware that in some cases, an open surgery may need to be used instead. During an open surgery, a larger incision will be made in the abdomen to do the surgery.
Immediately After Procedure TOP
After the procedure, you will be:
How Long Will It Take? TOP
Will It Hurt? TOP
You will be given medication to control the pain.
Average Hospital Stay TOP
You will either stay overnight or leave the hospital the same day as your surgery.
Post-procedure Care TOP
During your stay, the hospital staff will take steps to reduce your chance of infection such as:
There are also steps you can take to reduce your chances of infection such as:
Full recover will take about 2-4 weeks.
Call Your Doctor TOP
After you leave the hospital, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
If you think you are having an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
Women's Health—US Department of Health and Human Services
Women's Health Matters
American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. Alternatives to hysterectomy in management of leiomyomas. Practice Bulletin. 2010;96.
Cohen SM, ed. Operative Laparoscopy and Hysteroscopy. New York, NY: Churchill Livingstone; 1996.
Uterine fibroid symptoms, diagnosis, and treatment. Society of Cardiovascular and Interventional Radiology website. Available at:
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Accessed October 29, 2014.
6/2/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance
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Mills E, Eyawo O, et al. Smoking cessation reduces postoperative complications: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Am J Med. 2011;124(2):144-154.e8.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Andrea Chisholm, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014