Peripheral vascular disease (PVD) is disease of any blood vessel that is not part of the heart or brain. Peripheral artery disease (PAD) is caused by deposits of fatty material called atheroma in arteries of the legs. Since arteries carry oxygen-rich blood to the cells of the body, a reduction in blood flow can cause bodily organs to fail.
PAD is usually caused by a gradual buildup of plaque called
that happens within the arteries. Other causes include blood clots or embolisms, congenital heart disease, and inflammation of the blood vessels called vasculitis.
PAD can be hereditary. You also may get PAD if you are overweight or
obese, or have
high cholesterol. Unhealthy lifestyle choices such as smoking, eating a high-fat diet, and not getting enough exercise lead to PAD.
About peripheral artery disease (PAD). American Heart Association website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated September 15, 2014. Accessed March 12, 2015.
American College of Cardiology and American Heart Association 2005 Practice Guidelines for the management of patients with peripheral arterial disease.
Gey DC, Lesho EP, Manngold J. Management of Peripheral Arterial Disease.
Am Fam Physician. 2004;69:525-532.
Lumsden AB, Rice TW. Medical management of peripheral arterial disease: a therapeutic algorithm.
J Endovasc Ther. 2006;13(suppl 2)II19-29.
Mahmud E, Cavendish JJ, Salami A. Current treatment of peripheral arterial disease: role of percutaneous interventional therapies.
J Am Coll Cardiol.
Peripheral arterial disease. Am Fam Physician. 2004 Feb 1;69(3):533. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed March 12, 2015.
Peripheral arterial disease and claudication. American Academy of Family Physicians Family Doctor website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated April 2014. Accessed March 12, 2015.
Regensteiner JG, Stewart KJ. Established and evolving medical therapies for claudication in patients with peripheral arterial disease.
Nat Clin Pract Cardiovasc Med. 2006;3: 604-610.
11/18/2011 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Rooke TW, Hirsch AT, Misra S, et al. 2011 ACCF/AHA focused update of the guideline for the management of patients with peripheral artery disease (updating the 2005 guideline): a report of the American College of Cardiology Foundation/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines. Circulation. 2011;124(18):2020-2045.