Proper nourishment—Breast milk contains almost all of the
nourishment that babies need during their first six months of
However, vitamin D supplementation is needed because breast milk is low in this vitamin. Supplementation with vitamin D will need to be continued until your baby is getting enough vitamin D from other sources, such as vitamin D-fortified formula. Starting at age four months, your baby will also need an iron supplement until he starts getting enough iron from food sources, like infant cereal. If your baby is premature, though, he will likely need to take iron starting at one month.
Immunity boost—Breast milk contains substances not found in formula that help
protect babies from illness. These substances include antibodies, immunoglobulins, active
enzymes, and hormones.
Fewer illnesses—Compared with bottlefed infants,
breastfed infants are less likely to develop:
Stress for mom—You are the sole provider
of nutrition for your baby, which can be very demanding and
exhausting. However, once a pattern is established, other family
members can give you a break by feeding the baby a bottle of breast
milk that has been pumped and stored in the refrigerator or
Slow start—You may have difficulty getting the baby
to properly latch onto the breast.
Possible pain—Breastfeeding can be painful. You may have sore
nipples, clogged milk ducts,
Medicine precautions—Some medicines can pass through the breast milk to your baby and may not be safe. Drugs can also interfere with how much milk you produce. Talk to you healthcare provider before taking prescription and over-the-counter medicine, as well as herbs and supplements.
If you are unsure as to whether you want to breastfeed, you can
try it for a few weeks and switch if it does not work out. Any
amount of breastfeeding is beneficial for the baby. Once bottlefeeding is started, though, it is difficult to switch back to the
Proper nutrition—Commercially prepared formulas (which
are regulated by the United States Food and Drug Administration) supply the appropriate combinations of
proteins, sugars, fats, and vitamins to meet a baby's nutritional
requirements; supplements are not usually necessary. But, if your baby is not eating enough vitamin D fortified formula, he may need a supplement.
Bonding—Although there is no skin-to-skin contact,
cuddling while feeding can enhance bonding.
Less dependence on you—Anyone can feed the baby. This makes it easier if you work
or if you cannot or do not want to be the sole provider of the milk.
The possibility of allergy—Cow's milk formulas contain a
different type of protein than breast milk, and some infants may be
allergic to it or have trouble digesting it. These babies can be
given soy milk formula, although some may be allergic to soy
protein, too, and would require a hydrolyzed formula.
A lot of preparation—Bottlefeeding requires a lot of
organization and preparation; you will need to have enough
formula on hand and have bottles and nipples clean and ready.
A significant expense—In today's economic climate, many foods, including formula can be costly.
Freshness not guaranteed—Formula can go bad, so you will
need to check expiration dates and avoid damaged containers.
Breastfeeding. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated December 18, 2012. Accessed December 21, 2012.
Breastfeeding vs. Bottlefeeding. American Pregnancy Organization website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated October 2011. Accessed December 21, 2012.
Casey CF, Slawson DC, Neal LR. Vitamin D Supplementation in Infants, Children, and Adolescents. Am Fam Physician. 2010;81(6):745-748.
Johnston M, Landers S, Noble L, et al. Breastfeeding and the Use of Human Milk. Pediatrics. 2012;129(3):827-841.
Nutrition (Pediatric Preventive Care). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated December 13, 2012. Accessed December 21, 2012.
Why Breastfeeding is Important. United States Department of Health and Human Services Women's Health website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated August 4, 2010. Accessed December 21, 2012.
10/12/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Baker R, Greer F, the Committee on Nutrition. Clinical report—diagnosis and prevention of iron deficiency and iron-deficiency anemia in infants and young children (0-3 years of age). Pediatrics. 2010;126(5):1040-1050.
2/1/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Kramer MS, Kakuma R. Optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. Cochrane Database System Rev. 2012;8:CD003517.
3/18/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) Martin RM, Patel R, Kramer MS, et al. Effects of promoting longer-term and exclusive breastfeeding on adiposity and insulin-like growth factor-I at age 11.5 years: a randomized trial. JAMA. 2013 Mar 13;309(10):1005-13.