The pancreas is a long, flat, pear-shaped organ located behind the stomach. It makes digestive enzymes and hormones, including insulin.
Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas that occurs suddenly and resolves with proper treatment.
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and medical history. A physical exam will be done. Your doctor will ask how much alcohol you drink and what medications you take. Diagnosis can be determined by your symptoms and results from blood tests.
Other tests may include:
Blood tests—to look for elevated levels the digestive enzymes amylase and lipase
Imaging tests can be used to evaluate the pancreas and nearby structures. Imaging tests include:
Treatment for acute pancreatitis depends on the severity of the attack and what is causing it. For example, if medication is the cause of your pancreatitis, your doctor may change to a different medication or adjust the dose.
In most cases, acute pancreatitis isn't severe and can be treated. Treatment includes:
Generally, acute pancreatitis treatment requires hospitalization. Fluid and nutritional support can be administered by IV while your pancreas heals. During this time, you will be unable to eat or drink.
If you have severe pancreatitis, you may need a nasogastric tube. A long, thin tube is threaded through your nose and into your stomach for feeding.
You may also start treatment for any underlying causes of your pancreatitis.
Your doctor may recommend:
Antibiotics—to treat any infections
Protease inhibitors—to reduce the effects of digestive enzymes
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https://dynamed.ebscohost.com/about/about-us. Updated November 12, 2013. Accessed December 4, 2013.
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