Lateral epicondylitis is caused by damage to a tendon.
Tendons connects muscles to bone. Repetitive or stressful movements of the muscles causes strain and pain at the tendon. The tendons associated with lateral epicondylitis are connected to forearm muscles. These muscles are active when you grip something, such as a tennis racquet. Actions that can cause irritation to the tendons of the elbow include:
Improper technique for hitting a tennis ball
Improper size of tennis racquet or tension of racquet strings
Improper golf swing technique or grip of golf clubs
Avoid activities that cause pain. Do not play sports or do repetitive motions until the pain is gone. You may need to alter how you do certain activities:
When lifting objects, lift with your palms up.
Consult a sports professional to check your form when playing tennis or golf
Ice may help decrease some discomfort and swelling. Apply ice pack to the outside of the elbow for 15-20 minutes. Repeat for about four times a day for several days. Do not apply ice directly to your skin. Wrap the ice or cold pack in a towel.
Nicholas Institute of Sports Medicine and Athletic Trauma website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Accessed November 7, 2012.
Nirschl RP, Kraushaur BS.
Assessment and treatment guidelines for elbow injuries.
11/8/2006 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) : Bisset L, Beller E, Jull G, Brooks P, Darnell R, Vicenzino B. Mobilisation with movement and exercise, corticosteroid injection, or wait and see for tennis elbow: randomised trial.BMJ.
10/26/2010 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance ...(Click grey area to select URL) : Massey T, Derry S, Moore R, McQuay H. Topical NSAIDs for acute pain in adults.Cochrane Database Syst Rev.