Vertigo is a feeling of spinning or whirling when you are not moving. It can also be an exaggerated feeling of motion when your body is still. Vertigo is a symptom that can be caused by many different conditions. Vertigo is different from passing dizziness or lightheadedness.
Inner ear nerves and structures sense the position of your head and body in space. Vertigo is often caused by problems with these nerves and structures. Less commonly, it is due to problems in the brain.
Vertigo can be classified as:
Vertigo of Peripheral Origin
Vertigo of peripheral origin is caused by problems of the inner ear. It is the most common type of vertigo. Causes may include:
Vertigo of central origin is not as common as vertigo of peripheral origin, but it is more serious. This type of vertigo is affects the brainstem or the cerebellum, the region of the brain that controls balance. Causes may include:
Vertigo is a symptom of another medical condition. Treatment will focus managing the underlying medical condition. Efforts may also be used to decrease the symptoms of vertigo. These may include one or more of the following:
In some cases, you may need to stop taking medications that may be causing your vertigo.
Living with vertigo can be challenging, but not impossible. Try these tips:
If you are in a crowded open space, or out in public:
Use a cane to help with balance and mobility
Sit at one end of the sports field or theater to avoid moving your head back and forth
Bring a stool or chair so you can sit down when you need to
Schedule your day around peak times when places are crowded
Don't read or work on a computer if you are moving
Don't fly if you have sinus or ear problems due to an infection
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