to view an animated version of this procedure.
This operation treats a hernia. A hernia forms when your abdominal wall weakens, bulges, or tears. This causes the inner lining of the abdomen to protrude and form a sac outside of the abdomen. Abdominal contents, such as the small intestine, can move into and get stuck in this sac.
This is done to repair the hernia. You will have surgery to prevent the hernia from becoming “strangulated” (pinched so that the blood supply is cut off). If strangulation happens, you will need immediate surgery. Without surgery, the hernia will not heal. The pain and size of the hernia usually increases over time.
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have a hernia repair, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
Damage to neighboring organs or structures (such as, intestine or bladder)
An incision is made over the hernia site. The hernia will be moved back into the abdominal cavity, or the sac may be removed. The muscles around the hernia are sewn together. This will repair the hole or weakness. If the hernia is large or in the groin, a piece of mesh will be inserted. If mesh is used, the muscle is not sewn together.
Laparoscopic Hernia Repair
A laparoscope is a thin tube-shaped object with a camera on the end. It will be inserted through a small incision. The doctor will be able to see the hernia on a nearby TV. Small instruments will be inserted through other small incisions. These tools will be used to complete the repair.
After the procedure, the incisions will be closed with stitches or staples. A sterile dressing will be applied.
Immediately After Procedure
You will be taken to a recovery area. There you will receive fluids and pain medicines through an IV. If there are no problems, you will be moved to a hospital room to recover.
How Long Will It Take?
Less than two hours
Will It Hurt?
Anesthesia prevents pain during surgery. You may feel pain during recovery, but taking pain medicine will help.
Be sure to follow your doctor's
instructions. When you return home, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
In most cases, you can return to your normal diet after a few days.
During the first few days, slowly return to your normal routine.
Take pain medicine as needed.
Ask your doctor about when you can do certain activities (such as driving, sexual activity). You may need to wait 1-2 weeks.
Ask your doctor about when it is safe to shower, bathe, or soak in water.
Avoid excess strain (such as vigorous exercise and lifting) for 6-8 weeks.
The recovery time will be shorter for laparoscopic surgery.
There is some risk that the hernia could return. To reduce your risk: