Oligohydramnios is a lower than normal level of amniotic fluid. This fluid supports and protects the baby. It also important for the growth of the baby. Low levels of this fluid can lead to problems for the baby and mother.
Oligohydramnios in the first half of pregnancy may cause:
Compression of the baby, leading to birth defects
Poor or no lung development
Oligohydramnios in the second half of pregnancy may cause:
The doctor will monitor the mother and baby. Regular tests will make sure the fluid level does not continue to drop. They will also help to ensure the fetus’s health. Further treatment may not be needed.
Treatment options for continued oligohydramnios that is causing problems include:
Amnioinfusion—amniotic fluid is injected into the space around the baby
Induced labor—if baby is developed enough for birth
There will be more prenatal visits than normal. It is very important to keep these appointments.
The American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee. ACOG committee opinion no. 560: Medically indicated late-preterm and early-term deliveries..
Obstet Gynecol. 2013;121(4):908-910.