Brought to you by the Delaney Medical Library and Valley View Hospital Auxiliary.
Rotavirus is a virus that is transmitted through stool. It is easily spread by contaminated hands and objects. Symptoms usually begin about two days after contact with the virus. Symptoms may include:
Rotavirus rarely causes death in developed countries. It can be fatal in many undeveloped countries.
The rotavirus vaccine is given by mouth. This is a live virus vaccine. This means it contains a living virus can produce immunity to the disease.
The vaccine comes in two brands, RotaTeq and Rotarix.
Your baby will need two or three doses. The number of doses depends on which type of vaccine your baby gets. The recommended schedule for giving these doses is:
This vaccine is not given to older children or adults.
As with any vaccine, there is a small risk of severe reaction, such as a severe allergic reaction.
Most infants get the vaccine without any problems. In a small number of cases, children may have mild diarrhea or vomiting after getting the vaccine.
There may be a very small risk of a serious bowel obstruction called intussusception.
Children should not get the vaccine if they:
Talk to your doctor if your child has a weak immune system due to the following:
It is important that you wash your hands and practice good hygiene. However, these steps have not been shown to significantly prevent rotavirus.
In the event of an outbreak, authorities will test food and water sources to make sure they are not contaminated. Frequent hand washing and washing of surfaces is recommended to keep the virus from spreading. Dirty linens and clothes should be handled as little as possible. These items should be laundered with detergent and machine-dried.