Pelvic pain occurs between the belly button and the hips and groin. It is chronic when it lasts for six months or more.
Female Pelvic Organs
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Many things can cause pelvic pain, such as:
In others, the cause is not known.
Things that may raise the risk of this problem are:
Pain can vary from person to person. A person may have:
The doctor will ask about your symptoms and health history. You will also be asked about the pain. A physical exam may be done.
These tests may be done to look for a cause:
Underlying causes will be treated.
The goal of treatment is to manage pain. Choices are:
Prevention will depend on the cause. Some causes cannot be prevented.
The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists
The International Pelvic Pain Society
The Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists of Canada
Chronic pelvic pain. The American Congress of Obstetricians and Gynecologists website. Available at: https://www.acog.org/clinical/clinical-guidance/practice-bulletin/articles/2020/03/chronic-pelvic-pain. Accessed February 15, 2021.
Chronic pelvic pain. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at:
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Accessed February 15, 2021.
Chronic pelvic pain in women. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chronic-pelvic-pain-in-women. Accessed February 15, 2021.
Speer LM, Mushkbar S, et al. Chronic Pelvic Pain in Women. Am Fam Physician. 2016 Mar 1;93(5):380-387.
Last reviewed December 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
James P. Cornell, MD
Last Updated: 2/15/2021