Phosphorous is a mineral found in food and in our bones. It has many roles, such as helping to build strong and healthy bones.
People with kidney problems may need to eat this way. The kidneys help to filter phosphorous out of the blood. Phosphorous levels can build up in your blood when the kidneys are not able to filter it. This makes your body lower these levels by taking calcium from your bones. This makes your bones weak and put you at higher risk for fractures and osteoporosis. High levels of phosphorous in the blood may lead to heart problems.
Phosphorous is found in protein-rich foods, such as dairy products, meat, legumes, nuts and seeds, whole grains, chocolate, and cola.
|Food Group||Foods You Should Eat||Foods You Should Not Eat|
Dried, split, and black-eyed peas
Most, such as:
|Meats and Beans|
|Fats and Oils|
Peanut butter, nut butters
|Snacks, Sweets, and Condiments|
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
US Department of Health and Human Services
Dietitians of Canada
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Patient education: dietary and fluid compliance for patients on hemodialysis. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center. Updated January 4, 2019. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Phosphorus and your CKD diet. National Kidney Foundation website. Available at: https://www.kidney.org/atoz/content/phosphorus. Updated April 18, 2019. Accessed June 17, 2019.
The renal diet—phosphorus. UNC Health Care website. Available at: https://unckidneycenter.org/files/2017/10/renaldiet_phosphorus.pdf. Accessed June 17, 2019.
Last reviewed June 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
Last Updated: 8/4/2020