A fluid restricted diet limits the amount of fluid that you take in each day. Both drinks and foods contain fluid.
This diet helps prevent fluid from building up in your body. You may need to eat this way if you have end-stage kidney disease, are on dialysis, or have heart failure. Too much fluid can cause stress in the bodies of people with these health problems.
How much fluid you can have depends on things like your body size and health problems. Your care team will tell you how much is right for you.
These foods should be limited:
American Society for Nutrition
Eat Right—Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics
Dietitians of Canada
The Kidney Foundation of Canada
Controlling fluid intake in heart failure. Queensland Health website. Available at: https://www.health.qld.gov.au/__data/assets/pdf_file/0017/150119/cardiac_fluid.pdf. Updated June 2017. Accessed June 14, 2019.
Heart failure: how to limit your fluids. CardioSmart—American College of Cardiology website. Available at: https://www.cardiosmart.org/~/media/Documents/Fact%20Sheets/en/tb1470.ashx. Updated June 2015. Accessed June 14, 2019.
Heart failure and kidney disease. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at: https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center. Updated November 9, 2018. Accessed June 14, 2019.
Last reviewed June 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review Board
Dianne Scheinberg Rishikof MS, RD, LDN
Last Updated: 12/31/2019