causes mood swings. A person with it may feel very high or low and without hope. Often, there are times of steady moods in between these highs and lows. There may also be a change in energy and actions. The highs are called manic episodes. The lows are called
Low moods may cause:
Lasting sad, worried, or empty mood
Negativity or lack of hope
Feelings of guilt, worthlessness, or helplessness
Not wanting to do things that were once enjoyed
Problems with focus, recall, or making choices
Restlessness or irritability
Sleeping too much or not being able to sleep
Changes in hunger and weight loss or gain
Pain or other health symptoms that do not have a cause
Thoughts of death or self-harm or trying to kill oneself
High moods may cause:
Raised energy, activity, and restlessness
Very high, overly good mood
Racing thoughts and talking quickly, jumping from 1 point to the next
A mild to medium level of mania is called hypomania. It may feel good to the person who has it. A person be able to get more things done. It can become mania or can switch to depression if it is not treated.
Bipolar disorder in adults. National Institute of Mental Health website. Available at: ...(Click grey area to select URL) Updated October 2018. Accessed October 10, 2019.
Yatham LN, Kennedy SH, et al. Canadian Network for Mood and Anxiety Treatments (CANMAT) and International Society for Bipolar Disorders (ISBD) 2018 guidelines for the management of patients with bipolar disorder. Bipolar Disord. 2018 Mar;20(2):97-170 Bipolar Disord 2018 Mar;20(2):97.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board Rimas Lukas, MD Last Updated 12/11/2020
EBSCO Information Services is fully accredited by URAC. URAC is an independent, nonprofit health care accrediting organization dedicated to promoting health care quality through accreditation, certification and commendation.
This content is reviewed regularly and is updated when new and relevant evidence is made available. This information is neither intended nor implied to be a substitute for professional medical advice. Always seek the advice of your physician or other qualified health provider prior to starting any new treatment or with questions regarding a medical condition.
To send comments or feedback to our Editorial Team regarding the content please email us at email@example.com. Our Health Library Support team will respond to your email request within 2 business days.