Many women can control their blood glucose levels through lifestyle changes, such as diet and exercise.
A dietitian can help some women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) keep their glucose levels in the right range. A diet can:
Physical activity for at least 2.5 hours per week can help lower blood glucose. It can also help the body use it better. Women with GDM who use insulin may also not need as much.
Exercises that do not put extra weight on the body are good choices, such as swimming, walking, and yoga.
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists Committee on Practice Bulletins—Obstetrics. Practice Bulletin No. 190: Gestational Diabetes Mellitus. Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Feb;131(2):e49-e64.
Gestational diabetes. American Diabetes Association website. Available at: https://www.diabetes.org/diabetes/gestational-diabetes. Accessed January 14, 2020.
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/gestational-diabetes-mellitus-gdm. Updated December 18, 2019. Accessed January 14, 2020.
Last reviewed September 2019 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Beverly Siegal, MD, FACOG
Last Updated: 11/18/2020