Some steps to reduce the risk of cervical cancer are:
The vaccine is advised for girls between 11 to 12 years old. The vaccine works best if given before the first sexual contact. It can be given to women through age 26.
Early detection offers the best chance for a cure.
HPV is passed through sexual contact. It is the main risk for cervical cancer. Women can reduce their risk of HPV and cervical cancer by:
Smoking increases the risk of getting cervical cancer. The sooner smoking is stopped, the sooner the body can start to heal.
Eating a balanced diet helps reduce the risk of cervical and other cancers. This includes eating plenty of fruits and vegetables.
Cervical cancer. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/condition/cervical-cancer. Accessed April 19, 2021.
Committee on Practice Bulletins—Gynecology. Practice Bulletin No. 168: cervical cancer screening and prevention. Obstet Gynecol. 2016;128(4):e111-e130. Reaffirmed 2017.
HPV and cancer. American Cancer Society website. Available at: https://www.cancer.org/cancer/cancer-causes/infectious-agents/hpv/hpv-and-cancer-info.html. Accessed April 19, 2021.
HPV (human papillomavirus) VIS. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/hcp/vis/vis-statements/hpv.html. Accessed April 19, 2021.
Human papillomavirus vaccine. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at: https://www.dynamed.com/drug-review/human-papillomavirus-hpv-vaccine. Accessed April 19, 2021.
Hu Z, Ma D. The precision prevention and therapy of HPV-related cervical cancer: new concepts and clinical implications. Cancer Med. 2018 Oct;7(10):5217-5236.
Immunization schedules. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/schedules/index.html. Accessed April 19, 2021.
Last reviewed March 2021 by
EBSCO Medical Review Board
Mohei Abouzied, MD, FACP
Last Updated: 10/8/2021