Cystic fibrosis (CF) is an inherited disease that causes lung and digestive problems.
Take steps to make it easier for your child to breathe:
Digestion problems can slow growth and affect your child's health. A dietitian can create a healthful diet that will help. Follow the diet your child was given.
Your child can become dehydrated easily, such as when the weather is hot or he or she is sick. This can make mucus thick and make it hard for your child to breathe. More fluid can help thin mucus. Your child will also need to replace salt lost through sweating. You can add it to meals and snacks.
Exercise can help your child's lungs and heart work better. It also has mental health benefits.
Medicine may be given to:
Vitamins and supplements may also be given to support your child's nutrition needs.
If your child is taking medicine:
Your child is at greater risk of infection. To lower the risk:
CF can be stressful for your child and your family. Counseling and support groups can help.
The doctor will need to monitor your child closely. Take your child to all appointments and tests.
Call the doctor if your child is having a hard time managing cystic fibrosis or has:
If you think your child has an emergency, call for medical help right away.
About Kids Health—The Hospital for Sick Children
The Lung Association
About cystic fibrosis: what you need to know. Cystic Fibrosis Foundation website. Available at: http://www.cff.org/AboutCF. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Antibiotics for cystic fibrosis (CF). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/management/antibiotics-for-cystic-fibrosis-cf. Updated October 1, 2018. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Chest physical therapy: performing in pediatric patients—an overview. EBSCO Nursing Reference Center website. Available at:https://www.ebscohost.com/nursing/products/nursing-reference-center. Updated May 17, 2019. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Cystic fibrosis. Healthy Children—American Academy of Pediatrics website. Available at: http://www.healthychildren.org/English/health-issues/conditions/chronic/Pages/Cystic-Fibrosis.aspx. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Cystic fibrosis. National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute. http://www.nhlbi.nih.gov/health/health-topics/topics/cf. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Cystic fibrosis (CF). EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/condition/cystic-fibrosis-cf. Updated July 1, 2019. Accessed July 18, 2019.
Last reviewed June 2019 by EBSCO Medical Review BoardKari Kassir, MD Last Updated: 12/6/2019