EBSCO Health

Print PageSend to a Friend
Health Library Home>Conditions InDepth>Article

Reducing Your Risk of Chickenpox

These steps may lower a person's risk of getting chickenpox:

  • Stay away from people who have chickenpox.
  • Get the chickenpox vaccine.

Chickenpox Vaccine

The chickenpox vaccine is a series of 2 shots. It is often given to children at ages:

  • 12-15 months
  • 4-6 years

This may also be given to adults. It may be needed for those who never had chickenpox and were never vaccinated.

It may also be given within 3 to 5 days of being exposed to someone with chickenpox. It may be needed for those who never had chickenpox and were never vaccinated.

Immune Globulin

This is a blood product that has antibodies to the chickenpox virus. It may be given within 96 hours to a person who has been exposed to chickenpox who:

  • Has a weakened immune system
  • Is pregnant
  • Was born to a mother who has chickenpox

Chickenpox. EBSCO DynaMed website. Available at:https://www.dynamed.com/condition/chickenpox. Accessed September 8, 2020.

Chickenpox. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/chickenpox.html. Accessed September 8, 2020.

Chickenpox (varicella). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox. Accessed September 8, 2020.

Gershon AA, Breuer J, et al. Varicella zoster virus infection. Nat Rev Dis Primers. 2015 Jul 2;1:15016.

Last reviewed March 2020 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Shawna Grubb, RN  Last Updated: 3/23/2021