A risk factor is something that increases your likelihood of getting a disease or condition.
It is possible to develop chickenpox with or without some of the risk factors listed below. However, the more risk factors you have, the greater your likelihood of developing chickenpox. If you have a number of risk factors, ask your doctor what you can do to reduce your risk.
If you are not immune to chickenpox, factors that will increase your risk of contracting the disease include:
Some populations are at a higher risk for chickenpox, these include:
If you are not immune to chickenpox, traveling abroad can increase your risk of contracting chickenpox. The disease is much more prevalent outside the US because of lower rates of vaccination.
Chickenpox. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116084/Chickenpox. Updated June 19, 2017. Accessed March 14, 2018.
Chickenpox. Family Doctor—American Academy of Family Physicians website. Available at: http://familydoctor.org/familydoctor/en/diseases-conditions/chickenpox.html. Updated January 2017. Accessed March 14, 2018.
Chickenpox (varicella). Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Available at: http://www.cdc.gov/chickenpox. Updated June 28, 2016. Accessed March 14, 2018.
Daley AJ, Thorpe S, Garland SM. Varicella and the pregnant woman: prevention and management. Aust N Z J Obstet Gynaecol. 2008;48(1):26-33.
Weller TH. Varicella: historical perspective and clinical overview. J Infect Dis. 1996;174(Suppl):S306-S309.
Last reviewed March 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board James P. Cornell, MD Last Updated: 3/15/2015