In mild cases of benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH), no treatment is necessary. In many cases, men with BPH eventually request medical intervention. The goals of treatment are to allow urine to pass easily, to prevent urine retention, and to reduce the risk of urinary infection.
The treatment and management of BPH may involve medication or surgery. Medication, which is used for less advanced cases, may either relax the bladder outlet valve or shrink the prostate by hormonal manipulation. Surgery removes the obstruction. There are several methods available.
Treatment involves the following:
American Urological Association (AUA) Practice Guidelines Committee. AUA guideline on management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Available at: http://www.auanet.org/guidelines/benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-(2010-reviewed-and-validity-confirmed-2014). Accessed September 8, 2017.
Benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH). EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116944/Benign-prostatic-hyperplasia-BPH. Updated September 1, 2017. Accessed September 8, 2017.
Pearson R, Williams PM. Common questions about the diagnosis and management of benign prostatic hyperplasia. Am Fam Physician. 2014;90(11):769-774.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Adrienne Carmack, MD Last Updated: 9/17/2014