Hemorrhoids are enlarged, bulging blood vessels in the anus and lower rectum. Hemorrhoid banding is a procedure to remove them.
Banding is used to treat painful, swollen hemorrhoids. The procedure is most often done for the following reasons:
Complications are rare, but no procedure is completely free of risk. If you are planning to have hemorrhoid banding, your doctor will review a list of possible complications, which may include:
Your doctor may do the following:
Anesthesia is not usually needed. A local anesthesia may be used in some cases to numb the area.
An anoscope will be inserted through the anus. The doctor will look through the tube to see inside the rectum and locate the hemorrhoid. A special banding tool will be used. The tool will place a small rubber band around the hemorrhoid. The band cuts off the blood supply. This will make the hemorrhoid fall off. More than one hemorrhoid may be banded. The band and the hemorrhoid will fall off in about 1-2 weeks.
This is a short procedure. The length of time depends on how many hemorrhoids need treatment.
People often report some discomfort during and after this procedure. If you feel sharp or severe pain, tell the doctor right away. Mild pain medication will help you manage discomfort during recovery.
For a few days, you may have difficulty controlling the passage of gas and bowel movements. When you return home after the procedure, do the following to help ensure a smooth recovery:
After arriving home, contact your doctor if any of the following occurs:
If you think you have an emergency, call for emergency medical services right away.
American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases
Canadian Digestive Health Foundation
Hemorrhoids. American Society of Colon and Rectal Surgeons website. Available at: https://www.fascrs.org/patients/disease-condition/hemorrhoids. Accessed October 3, 2017.
Hemorrhoids. EBSCO DynaMed Plus website. Available at:http://www.dynamed.com/topics/dmp~AN~T116475/Hemorrhoids. Updated November 8, 2016. Accessed October 3, 2017.
Last reviewed September 2018 by EBSCO Medical Review Board Daus Mahnke, MD Last Updated: 9/30/2014