Reducing Your Risk of Urinary Incontinence

Reducing Your Risk of Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is often a symptom of another condition. It cannot always be prevented.

In some cases, incontinence can be prevented by:

  • Emptying the bladder regularly
  • Treating constipation
  • Performing exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, such as Kegel exercises, especially if you are pregnant or have given birth
  • Making lifestyle changes, including having a healthy diet (eg, avoiding irritating fluids such as caffeine or alcohol), exercising, losing weight, and quitting smoking
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References:

Beers M. The Merck Manual of Diagnosis and Therapy. 17th ed. Whitehouse Station, NJ: Merck Research Laboratories; 1999.
Fecal and urinary incontinence in adults: clinical effectiveness to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence. National Library of Medicine website. Available at: http://www.ncbi.nl... . December 2007. Accessed August 7, 2010.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine . 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2005.
3/5/2013 DynaMed's Systematic Literature Surveillance http://www.ebscohost.com/dynamed/ : Boyle R, Hay-Smith EJ, Cody JD, et al. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and fecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev . 2012 Oct 17;(10):CD007471.
Last reviewed December 2014 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014

 

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