Reducing Your Risk of Urinary Incontinence

Reducing Your Risk of Urinary Incontinence

Urinary incontinence is often a symptom of another condition. It cannot always be prevented.

In some cases, incontinence can be prevented by:

  • Emptying the bladder regularly
  • Treating constipation
  • Performing exercises to strengthen your pelvic floor muscles, such as Kegel exercises, especially if you are pregnant or have given birth
  • Making lifestyle changes, including having a healthy diet (such as, avoiding irritating fluids such as caffeine or alcohol), exercising, losing weight, and quitting smoking


Fecal and urinary incontinence in adults: clinical effectiveness to reduce the risk of urinary incontinence. National Library of Medicine website. Available at:
...(Click grey area to select URL)
Accessed December 29, 2015.
Kasper DL, Harrison TR. Harrison's Principles of Internal Medicine. 16th ed. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill; 2005.
3/5/2013 DynaMed Plus Systematic Literature Surveillance. http://www.dynamed...: Boyle R, Hay-Smith EJ, Cody JD, Mørkved S. Pelvic floor muscle training for prevention and treatment of urinary and fecal incontinence in antenatal and postnatal women. Cochrane Database Syst Rev. 2012;(10):CD007471.
Last reviewed December 2015 by Adrienne Carmack, MD
Last Updated: 12/20/2014


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